# Add SINGLE element to array or vector

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Pedro GUillem on 12 May 2016
Commented: Image Analyst on 20 Dec 2020
I have a vector of the format:
x = [xval(1) xval(2) … xval(n)]
, and I want to add an element to the end, xval(n+1). How do I do that?

Image Analyst on 12 May 2016
Edited: Image Analyst on 18 Oct 2020
For an existing vector x, you can assign a new element to the end using direct indexing. For example
x = [1 2 3]
x(4) = 4
or
x(end+1) = 4;
where "end" is a special keyword in MATLAB that means the last index in the array. So in your specific case of n elements, it would automatically know that "end" is your "n".
Another way to add an element to a row vector “x” is by using concatenation:
x = [x newval]
or
x = [x, newval]
For a column vector:
x = [x; newval]
Stefano Cardarelli on 26 Mar 2020
also this works for me, is basically direct indexing:
x(end+1) = newval

Dakota Jandek on 7 Apr 2020
x = [1, 2, 3]
x(length(x)+1) = 4
##### 2 CommentsShowHide 1 older comment
Image Analyst on 18 Oct 2020
Or even better,
x = [1, 2, 3]
x(end+1) = 4

Youssef AAKAM on 13 Oct 2019
x=[]
x=[x;'ysf']

Tue Dao on 20 Dec 2020
Which option is equivalent to the expression below:
a|b & c|~d
Image Analyst on 20 Dec 2020
I think you "Answered" this 4 year old question when you actually meant to post a NEW question of your own.