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How to divide 6x4 image into 4 equal parts without changing dpi?

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Tinna Armasamy
Tinna Armasamy on 5 Jul 2017
Answered: Will Nitsch on 12 Jul 2017
I have a image of 6x4 of 200 dpi, that I need to divide to 4 equal parts of 3x2 each of 200dpi. I have tried the following code, but unfortunately the cropping does not work and dpi changes. Please help. Thank you.
soil=imread('S01-15.tiff');
soil=rgb2gray(soil);
imshow(soil);
title('Original Image','FontSize',11);
lu=soil(1:size(soil,1)/2,1:size(soil,2)/2,:);
ld=soil(size(soil,1)/2+1:size(soil,1),1:size(soil,2)/2,:);
ru=soil(1:size(soil,1)/2,size(soil,2)/2+1:size(soil,2),:);
rd=soil(size(soil,1)/2+1:size(soil,1),size(soil,2)/2+1:size(soil,2),:);
figure,imshow(lu);
figure,imshow(ld);
figure,imshow(ru);
figure,imshow(rd);
  1 Comment
Michael Dombrowski
Michael Dombrowski on 12 Jul 2017
Since you are just doing matrix manipulation, your code is correct and the dpi can still be 200 dpi since matlab isn't dropping or adding any pixels. Imshow will simply display the matrix as an image with no specific dpi. You can set the dpi if you export the image sections.
Please be more specific, if you can, about what you mean that the dpi is changing.

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Answers (1)

Will Nitsch
Will Nitsch on 12 Jul 2017
This should do what you are hoping for.
>> Iin = rand(6*200,4*200); %6 inches by 4 inches at 200 pixels per inch
>> size(Iin)
ans =
1200 800
>> I1 = Iin(1:end/2,1:end/2); % top left
>> I2 = Iin((end/2+1):end,1:end/2); % bottom left
>> I3 = Iin(1:end/2,(end/2+1):end); % top right
>> I4 = Iin((end/2+1):end,(end/2+1):end); % bottom right
You can then save the image as a tif file with a resolution (DPI) of 200:
>> imwrite(I1,'I1.tif','Compression','none', 'Resolution',200);
>> imwrite(I2,'I2.tif','Compression','none', 'Resolution',200);
>> imwrite(I3,'I3.tif','Compression','none', 'Resolution',200);
>> imwrite(I4,'I4.tif','Compression','none', 'Resolution',200);

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