So I have a data set of grades from Excel that i'm putting in matlab. In Matlab my objective is to find the average of each student, then assign grades to each student based on their average using if-then statements. I'm having trouble with the assigning grades to each student part. I need help assigning grades to each student then using the display command to show it. I'll put in my dataset(incase it helps), the names don't come into matlab from excel but that's ok.

66 66 67 68 92

90 90 90 90 90

75 80 95 65 75

75 45 25 70 70

75 90 90 90 95

85 88 76 88 90

90 80 50 80 90

100 100 50 50 100

55 65 66 68 75

65 90 90 60 50

100 40 60 60 70

55 100 95 88 90

75 80 85 77 82

80 82 88 84 86

66 68 64 70 62

90 92 88 75 90

100 40 60 60 70

55 100 95 88 90

75 80 85 77 82

80 82 88 84 86

66 68 64 70 62

90 92 88 75 90

75 90 67 68 92

85 88 90 90 90

90 80 95 65 75

100 100 25 70 70

55 65 90 90 95

65 90 76 88 90

100 40 50 80 90

55 100 50 50 100

Everything after "Student_Average = mean(data,2);" is where i'm not getting it right.

>> data = xlsread ('Exam_Grades_Data(2).xlsx'); %Loads data into matlab

Student_Average = mean(data,2); % Calculates average of each row(Student)

grade = Student_Average;

if n>=90

grade = 'A';

elseif n >= 80

grade ='B';

elseif n >= 70

grade ='C';

elseif n >= 60

grade ='D';

elseif n <=59

grade = 'E';

end

Answer by James Tursa
on 5 Oct 2017

Edited by James Tursa
on 5 Oct 2017

The averages you calculate are in a column vector called Student_Average, but your subsequent code does not even use that variable. So you need to alter your code to use that variable.

Also, for a beginner, I would advise using a simple for loop to calculate the grades result, which it appears you want to be a char variable.

So an outline of your code would be:

Student_Average = etc.

for k=1:numel(Student_Average)

% YOU FILL IN CODE HERE TO CALCULATE GRADE

end

The code you fill in above is going to be your if-then-else stuff you show above. You will calculate the grade based on Student_Average(k), and you will assign the result to grade(k).

And your current code doesn't assign anything if the average is between 59 and 60. So I would advise changing this line

elseif n <=59

to this instead

else

(Side note: What is an 'E' grade?)

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Answer by Akira Agata
on 5 Oct 2017

Edited by Akira Agata
on 5 Oct 2017

Using table type variable and discretize function, you can discretize the average score and assign 'A' - 'E' for each bin, like:

% Sample data

data = array2table(randi([50,100],10,5));

% Calculate mean for each row

data.Mean = mean(data{:,:},2);

% Discretize the mean value and assign categorical value

data.grade = discretize(data.Mean,...

[0, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100],...

'categorical',...

{'E','D','C','B','A'});

The output is as follows.

data =

10×7 table

Var1 Var2 Var3 Var4 Var5 Mean grade

____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____

84 62 92 97 61 79.2 C

77 56 92 82 55 72.4 C

71 80 63 74 55 68.6 D

82 72 81 82 53 74 C

83 73 79 77 70 76.4 C

84 83 77 83 72 79.8 C

82 89 94 77 68 82 B

98 67 63 86 88 80.4 B

60 83 66 76 82 73.4 C

86 71 56 100 89 80.4 B

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Answer by Chad Greene
on 5 Oct 2017

I'd skip the if statement entirely and treat it like a histogram. You can use histcounts to get to bin the averages. Something like this:

Student_Average = mean(data,2); % Calculates average of each row(Student)

% Grades:

grades = {'F','D','C','B','A'};

% Corresponding bin edges of each grade:

edges = [0 60 70 80 90 Inf];

% Indices of which bin each Student_Average corresponds to:

[~,~,ind] = histcounts(Student_Average,edges);

% Letter grades for all students:

grade = grades(ind)'

% Make a nice figure:

histogram(ind,.5:5.5)

set(gca,'xtick',1:5,'xticklabel',grades)

box off

axis tight

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Answer by Moe
on 7 Oct 2017

Ok one thing I needed to clarify is that for this assignment, I HAVE to use if then else, statements. It's the whole reason for this assignment, so that later on we can learn easier quicker ways to do it. Here's my updated code to show where i'm at.

%Loads data into matlab data = xlsread ('Exam_Grades_Data(2).xlsx');

%Calculates average of each row(Student) Student_Average = mean(data,2);

if Student_Average >=90 grade = 'A'; elseif Student_Average >= 80 grade ='B'; elseif Student_Average >= 70 grade ='C'; elseif Student_Average >= 60 grade ='D'; else grade ='E'; end

display(grade)

The final goal is to be able to display the student averages and final grade(in letter format), in the command window.

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