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how to use handles to connect app designer and simulink with each other

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This is the first time using the option to ask the community because i am stuck for two days now. I had to write a rather complex program in stateflow (stateflow runs inside of simulink) and did so successfully. Now i have to create a user interface for easier usage. I have no experience in doing so and after some unsuccsessful tries in GUIDE i switched to app designer. In the startup funtion off the app i simulate the Simulink model "Simulation".
sim('Simulation');
later by changing a value in a constant block i started the actual simulation:
set_param([bdroot '/start simulation'], 'Value', 'true');
1. However after closing the app the Value stays true. Is there any way of only changing the value temporarily without using a reset button inside of the app?
2. To connect the Simulink model with the GUI i have read in multiple threads, that i have to use handles. ( App Designer to control a Simulink Model and read back model data ) However I don't know where to put the code for the handle (do I have to put both into the startup function of the app?) At the moment i try to access the app from a matlab_function inside of simulink (Gewebeinfiltrationsautomat_EXE is the name of the mlapp-file)
function fcn(process_timer, actual_sample_size, finished,)
app_handle = Gewebeinfiltrationsautomat_EXE;
app_handle.lbl_timer.text = num2str(process_timer);
Do i have to create the handle in the startup function of the app? If yes, can I then simply access the handle from any matlab function without problem?
Thank you for your help.

  1 Comment

Bartha Balazs
Bartha Balazs on 30 Mar 2018
Hi, did you found any solution to your problem ? I'm struggling with a similar issue so if you have any solution peas let me know :)

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Accepted Answer

Philipp Küsters
Philipp Küsters on 1 Apr 2018
I have. You can access public app designer functions with coder.extrinsic. You first have to create the functions in App Designer. Then you create a handle in Simulink/Stateflow. My initialise block looks like this:
initialise
% initialise app and import the apps interface
en: coder.extrinsic('gia_app', 'update_clock', 'update_sample1', 'update_sample2', 'update_position1', 'update_position2' ,'update_display', 'update_finished'); %'update_temp9', 'update_temp10', 'update_temp11')
app = gia_app();
(This is written in a stateflow chart. I do not know how to implement it in Simulink without the use of Stateflow.)
-"app" is the handle i create -"gia_app" is the name of my app designer file -everything except "gia_app" behind "coder.extrinsic" is a public function in the app designer file
The functions can now be called in Stateflow. example:
update_display(app, message)
You can even pass variables, like in this case message. The public function "update_display" has exactly one input argument. This is the app designer code of the function:
function results = update_display(app, input)
% 0 = start
% 1 = change pos of sample1
% 2 = change pos of sample2
% 3 = spectate sample1
% 4 = spectate sample2
% 5 = mix
% 6 = waiting
%
if input == 0
new_line = 'Prozessstart';
...
Important Note: If you want to pass variables from App Designer to the running Simulink-Simulation, you will probably save them in the Matlab base-workspace. Simulink does not update the Variables automatically, while the simulation is running!!! Whenever you change a variable in App Designer or generally somewhere outside of the running Simulink-Simulation, you have to pause, update and continue the simulation. (This will not notice the pausing, this is all done in very short time). example:
set_param('gia_sim' ,'SimulationCommand','pause'); % pause simulation, so variables can be read
assignin('base', 'pres11', value);
set_param('gia_sim','SimulationCommand','update'); % update app with new variable
set_param('gia_sim','SimulationCommand','continue');
Hope I could help you. If you have more questions I would be happy to help. Im pretty busy myself right now though, so it could take some time.

  2 Comments

Eric Hannouz
Eric Hannouz on 8 Apr 2018
Hello Philipp, What Type did you use for the StateFlow Local variable "app" ? If you use an Expression like "gia_app", don't you have a compilation error of the kind "Expression 'gia_app' for type of data 'app' did not evaluate to a valid type" ?
Philipp Küsters
Philipp Küsters on 10 Apr 2018
Hi Eric, I used a local Variable of size -1 with inherited complexity and no start value. Make sure your files are in the same folder. I don't get any error messages. Here's a snap of my chart's top layer.
Good luck with your project.

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