# Shrinking image by averaging

42 views (last 30 days)
Oah Joan on 17 Oct 2018
Answered: Sean de Wolski on 15 Jan 2021
I want to create a function: shrinkbyaveraging(imagematrix) that returns an image that is half as large in both height and width. Each pixel in the returned image should be the average of 4 pixels from the input image. Shrinkbyaveraging only needs to work for images having an even number of rows/columns. However, I do not want to use imresize.
function shrink = shrinkbyaveraging(imagematrix) [row,colm] = size(imagematrix); x = row/2; y = colm/2;
but im not sure what the question is asking since i cannot use imresize. :/
Rik on 20 Nov 2020
Edited: John Kelly on 15 Jan 2021
OP responding to Kalyan:
function shrink = shrinkbyaveraging(imagematrix) [row,colm] = size(imagematrix); x = row/2; y = colm/2;
but im not sure what the question is asking since i cannot use imresize. :/
OP responding to Image Analyst:
I am taking a first year introductory computing science course and I dont think it is that hard. But, I am stuck on it.

Michael Hawks on 17 Oct 2018
Try this:
Nrow = 12; Ncol = 15;
input = rand(Nrow,Ncol);
shifts = [0 0; 0 1; 1 0; 0 -1];
A = zeros(Nrow,Ncol,4);
for ii = 1:4;
out(:,:,ii) = circshift( input, shifts(ii,:) );
end
out = sum( out, 3);
out = out(2:2:end,2:2:end);
In the for loop, we're building up an mxnx4 array of shifted copies of the input array. Then finding the mean over the neighborhood is as easy as averaging along dimension 3. Then the last line downsamples the array to the size you want.

Sean de Wolski on 15 Jan 2021
This works
img = repmat(1:6,4,1)
shrink = @(x)reshape(sum(reshape(sum(reshape(x,2,1,[])),size(x,1)/2,2,[]),2)./4,size(x,1)/2,[])
shrink(img)

### Categories

Find more on Graphics Object Identification in Help Center and File Exchange

### Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!