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Undefined variable, when variable is actually defined

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Ash matlab
Ash matlab on 25 Jan 2020
Commented: Ash matlab on 26 Jan 2020
The plot doesn't work when you run it, it says thplot is undefined...
%% orbit - Program to compute the orbit of a comet.
clear all; help orbit; % Clear memory and print header
%% * Set initial position and velocity of the comet.
r0 = input('Enter initial radial distance (AU): ');
v0 = input('Enter initial tangential velocity (AU/yr): ');
r = [r0 0]; v = [0 v0];
state = [ r(1) r(2) v(1) v(2) ]; % Used by R-K routines
%% * Set physical parameters (mass, G*M)
GM = 4*pi^2; % Grav. const. * Mass of Sun (au^3/yr^2)
mass = 1.; % Mass of comet
adaptErr = 1.e-3; % Error parameter used by adaptive Runge-Kutta
time = 0;
%% * Loop over desired number of steps using specified
% numerical method.
nStep = input('Enter number of steps: ');
tau = input('Enter time step (yr): ');
NumericalMethod = menu('Choose a numerical method:', ...
'Euler','Euler-Cromer','Runge-Kutta','Adaptive R-K');
for iStep=1:nStep
%* Record position and energy for plotting.
rplot(iStep) = norm(r); % Record position for polar plot
thplot(iStep) = atan2(r(2),r(1));
tplot(iStep) = time;
kinetic(iStep) = .5*mass*norm(v)^2; % Record energies
potential(iStep) = - GM*mass/norm(r);
%* Calculate new position and velocity using desired method.
if( NumericalMethod == 1 )
accel = -GM*r/norm(r)^3;
r = r + tau*v; % Euler step
v = v + tau*accel;
time = time + tau;
elseif( NumericalMethod == 2 )
accel = -GM*r/norm(r)^3;
v = v + tau*accel;
r = r + tau*v; % Euler-Cromer step
time = time + tau;
elseif( NumericalMethod == 3 )
state = rk4(state,time,tau,@gravrk,GM);
r = [state(1) state(2)]; % 4th order Runge-Kutta
v = [state(3) state(4)];
time = time + tau;
else
[state time tau] = rka(state,time,tau,adaptErr,@gravrk,GM);
r = [state(1) state(2)]; % Adaptive Runge-Kutta
v = [state(3) state(4)];
end
end
%% * Graph the trajectory of the comet.
figure(1); clf; % Clear figure 1 window and bring forward
polar(thplot,rplot,'+'); % Use polar plot for graphing orbit
xlabel('Distance (AU)'); grid;
pause(1) % Pause for 1 second before drawing next plot
%% * Graph the energy of the comet versus time.
figure(2); clf; % Clear figure 2 window and bring forward
totalE = kinetic + potential; % Total energy
plot(tplot,kinetic,'-.',tplot,potential,'--',tplot,totalE,'-')
legend('Kinetic','Potential','Total');
xlabel('Time (yr)'); ylabel('Energy (M AU^2/yr^2)');

Accepted Answer

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 25 Jan 2020
You do not initialize thplot, so it is assigned a value only if
for iStep=1:nStep
executes at least one step. The for loop would not execute any steps if nStep is empty or less than 1.
nStep = input('Enter number of steps: ');
You are not validating that the user entered a positive integer.

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