This Challenge is derived from GJam 2017 Kickstart Vote. This is the first 100 small cases with 0<=M<N<=10.
Google Code Jam 2017 Qualifier is March 7, 2017. Typically four challenges with small and large aspects with 27 hours to complete.
The GJam story is given N and M votes, where N>M, determine the number of voting sequences for which N is always in the lead divided by the total number of sequences(N+M)!.
Input: [N,M], the quantity of votes to N and M
Output: [V], the ratio of N always leading sequences to total sequences
Examples: [N,M] [V]; [2,1] [0.33333333]
For the case [2,1] there are 6 sequences [N1N2M1,N2N1M1,N1M1N2,N2M1N1,M1N1N2,M1N2N1] with only the first two always having N in the lead.
Theory: Brute force permutations and counting will not succeed in a timely manner for 0<=M<N<=10 as 19! is a bit big to enumerate. Determining the inherent mathematical pattern is usually the best way to succeed in GJam. GJam Kickstart solutions(C++,Python).