Ellipse Fit

Given a set of points (x, y) this function returns the best fit ellipse.
Updated 13 Dec 2008

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[semimajor_axis, semiminor_axis, x0, y0, phi] = ellipse_fit(x, y)

x - a vector of x measurements
y - a vector of y measurements


semimajor_axis - Magnitude of ellipse longer axis
semiminor_axis - Magnitude of ellipse shorter axis
x0 - x coordinate of ellipse center
y0- y coordinate of ellipse center
phi - Angle of rotation in radians with respect to
the x-axis

Algorithm used:

Given the quadratic form of an ellipse:
a*x^2 + 2*b*x*y + c*y^2 + 2*d*x + 2*f*y + g = 0 (1)
we need to find the best (in the Least Square sense) parameters a,b,c,d,f,g.
To transform this into the usual way in which such estimation problems are presented,
divide both sides of equation (1) by a and then move x^2 to the other side. This gives us:
2*b'*x*y + c'*y^2 + 2*d'*x + 2*f'*y + g' = -x^2 (2)
where the primed parametes are the original ones divided by a. Now the usual estimation technique is used where the problem is presented as:
M * p = b, where M = [2*x*y y^2 2*x 2*y ones(size(x))],
p = [b c d e f g], and b = -x^2. We seek the vector p, given by:
p = pseudoinverse(M) * b.
From here on I used formulas (19) - (24) in Wolfram Mathworld:

Cite As

Tal Hendel (2024). Ellipse Fit (https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/22423-ellipse-fit), MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .

MATLAB Release Compatibility
Created with R2006b
Compatible with any release
Platform Compatibility
Windows macOS Linux

Inspired by: Circle fit

Inspired: Ellipse Fit (Taubin method), Ellipse Fit (Direct method)

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Version Published Release Notes

Added input and output explanations to description part.