ScreenCapture - screenshot of component, figure or screen

version (84.9 KB) by Yair Altman
ScreenCapture gets a screen-capture image of any Matlab GUI handle, or specified screen area rectangle


Updated 23 Nov 2022

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Editor's Note: This file was selected as MATLAB Central Pick of the Week

ScreenCapture gets a screen-capture of any Matlab GUI handle (including desktop, figure, axes, image, or uicontrol), or a specified area rectangle located relative to the specified handle.
Screen area capture is possible by specifying the root (desktop) handle (=0).
The output can be either to an image file or to a Matlab matrix (useful for displaying via imshow() or for further processing), or to the system clipboard.
This utility also enables adding a toolbar button for easy interactive screen-capture.
imageData = screencapture(handle, position, target, 'PropName',PropValue, ...)
Input Parameters:
handle - optional handle to be used for screen-capture origin. If empty/unsupplied then current figure (gcf) will be used.
position - optional position array in pixels: [x,y,width,height].
If empty or non-specified then the handle's position vector will be used.
If both handle and position are empty or non-specified then the position will be retrieved via interactive mouse-selection.
If handle is an image, then position is in data (not pixel) units, so the captured region remains the same after figure/axes resize (like imcrop)
target - optional filename for storing the screen-capture, or the 'clipboard'/'printer' string.
If empty or non-specified then no output to file will be done.
The file format will be determined from its extension (JPG/PNG/...).
Supported formats are those supported by the imwrite function.
If neither target nor imageData were specified, the user will be asked to interactively specify the output file.
'PropName',PropValue -
optional list of property pairs e.g., screencapture('target','sc.png','pos',[10,20,30,40],'handle',gca)
PropNames may be abbreviated and are case-insensitive.
PropNames may also be given in whichever order.
Supported PropNames are:
- 'handle' (default: gcf handle)
- 'position' (default: gcf position array)
- 'target' (default: '')
- 'toolbar' (figure handle; default: gcf) this adds a screen-capture button to the figure's toolbar. If this parameter is specified, then no screen-capture will take place and the returned imageData will be [].
Output parameters:
imageData - image data in a format acceptable by the imshow function. If neither filename nor imageData were specified, the user will be asked to interactively specify the output file.
Usage examples:
imageData = screencapture; % interactively select screen-capture rectangle
imageData = screencapture(hListbox); % capture image of a uicontrol
imageData = screencapture(0); % capture image of entire screen
imageData = screencapture(0, [20,30,40,50]); % select a small desktop region
imageData = screencapture(gcf,[20,30,40,50]); % select a small figure region
imageData = screencapture(gca,[10,20,30,40]); % select a small axes region
imshow(imageData); % display the captured image in a matlab figure
imwrite(imageData,'myImage.png'); % save the captured image to file
screencapture(gcf,[],'myFigure.jpg'); % capture the entire figure into file
screencapture(gcf,[],'clipboard'); % capture the entire figure into clipboard
screencapture(gcf,[],'printer'); % print the entire figure
screencapture('handle',gcf, 'target','myFigure.jpg'); % same as previous, save to file
screencapture('handle',gcf, 'target','clipboard'); % same as previous, copy to system clipboard
screencapture('handle',gcf, 'target','printer'); % same as previous, send to printer
screencapture('toolbar',gcf); % adds a screen-capture button to gcf's toolbar
screencapture('toolbar',[], 'target','sc.bmp'); % same with default output filename
Technical description:
Bugs and suggestions:
Please send to Yair Altman (altmany at gmail dot com)

Cite As

Yair Altman (2022). ScreenCapture - screenshot of component, figure or screen (, MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .

MATLAB Release Compatibility
Created with R2007b
Compatible with any release
Platform Compatibility
Windows macOS Linux
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