filter (Galois field)

1-D digital filter over Galois field

Syntax

y = filter(b,a,x)
[y,zf] = filter(b,a,x)

Description

y = filter(b,a,x) filters the data in the vector x with the filter described by numerator coefficient vector b and denominator coefficient vector a. The vectors b, a, and x must be Galois vectors in the same field. If a(1) is not equal to 1, filter normalizes the filter coefficients by a(1). As a result, a(1) must be nonzero.

The filter is a Direct Form II Transposed implementation of the standard difference equation shown here:

a(1)*y(n) = b(1)*x(n) + b(2)*x(n-1) + ... + b(nb+1)*x(n-nb) ...
                      - a(2)*y(n-1) - ... - a(na+1)*y(n-na)

[y,zf] = filter(b,a,x) returns the final conditions of the filter delays in the Galois vector zf. The length of the vector zf is max(size(a),size(b))-1.

Examples

collapse all

When using the Galois 1-D digital filter function, the data is normalized by the first element of the denominator coefficient vector.

a = gf([2 3 5 7],3);
b = gf([1 3],3);
x = gf(randi([0,7],10,1),3);
filt_x = filter(b,a,x)
 
filt_x = GF(2^3) array. Primitive polynomial = D^3+D+1 (11 decimal)
 
Array elements = 
 
   6
   6
   3
   4
   7
   4
   2
   2
   0
   5

The first coefficient of the denominator coefficient vector, a(1) = 2. To confirm the function normalizes the data, manually normalize the filtered data. Use isequal to compare the outputs, we see they are equal.

filt_x2 = a(1) * filter(b/a(1),a,x)
 
filt_x2 = GF(2^3) array. Primitive polynomial = D^3+D+1 (11 decimal)
 
Array elements = 
 
   6
   6
   3
   4
   7
   4
   2
   2
   0
   5
isequal(filt_x,filt_x2)
ans = logical
   1

See Also

Introduced before R2006a