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Permute input symbols by selecting matrix elements along diagonals

Block sublibrary of Interleaving

The Matrix Helical Scan Interleaver block performs block interleaving by filling a
matrix with the input symbols row by row and then sending the matrix contents to the
output port in a helical fashion. The **Number of rows** and
**Number of columns** parameters are the dimensions of the matrix
that the block uses internally for its computations.

Helical fashion means that the block selects output symbols by selecting elements
along diagonals of the matrix. The number of elements in each diagonal matches the
**Number of columns** parameter, after the block wraps past the
edges of the matrix when necessary. The block traverses diagonals so that the row index
and column index both increase. Each diagonal after the first one begins one row below
the first element of the previous diagonal.

The **Array step size** parameter is the slope of each diagonal, that
is, the amount by which the row index increases as the column index increases by one.
This parameter must be an integer between zero and the **Number of
rows** parameter. If the **Array step size** parameter is
zero, then the block does not interleave and the output is the same as the input.

This block accepts a column vector input signal. The number of elements of the input
vector must be the product of **Number of rows** and **Number
of columns**.

The block accepts the following data types: `int8`

,
`uint8`

, `int16`

, `uint16`

,
`int32`

, `uint32`

, `boolean`

,
`single`

, `double`

, and fixed-point. The output
signal inherits its data type from the input signal.

**Number of rows**The number of rows in the matrix that the block uses for its computations.

**Number of columns**The number of columns in the matrix that the block uses for its computations.

**Array step size**The slope of the diagonals that the block reads.

If the **Number of rows** and **Number of columns**
parameters are 6 and 4, respectively, then the interleaver uses a 6-by-4 matrix for its
internal computations. If the **Array step size** parameter is 1, then
the diagonals are as shown in the figure below. Positions with the same color form part
of the same diagonal, and diagonals with darker colors precede those with lighter colors
in the output signal.

Given an input signal of `[1:24]'`

, the block produces an output of

[1; 6; 11; 16; 5; 10; 15; 20; 9; 14; 19; 24; 13; 18; 23;... 4; 17; 22; 3; 8; 21; 2; 7; 12]