# nthroot

Real nth root of real numbers

## Syntax

## Description

## Examples

### Real Root of Negative Number

Find the real cube root of `-27`

.

nthroot(-27,3)

ans = -3

For comparison, calculate `(-27)^(1/3)`

. The result is the complex cube root of `-27`

.

(-27)^(1/3)

ans = 1.5000 + 2.5981i

### Real Roots of Scalar

Calculate several real nth roots of `-8`

.

N = [5 3 -1]; Y = nthroot(-8,N)

`Y = `*1×3*
-1.5157 -2.0000 -0.1250

### Real Roots of Vector

Create a row vector of bases, `X`

, and a column vector of roots to calculate, `N`

.

X = [4 -3 -5]; N = [1; -1; 3];

Calculate the real nth roots of the elements in `X`

. The result is a matrix containing all combinations of bases and roots. For example, `Y(3,1)`

is the 3rd root of 4.

Y = nthroot(X,N)

`Y = `*3×3*
4.0000 -3.0000 -5.0000
0.2500 -0.3333 -0.2000
1.5874 -1.4422 -1.7100

### Element-Wise Roots of Matrix

Create a matrix of bases, `X`

, and a matrix of roots to calculate, `N`

. Each element in `X`

corresponds to an element in `N`

.

X = [-2 -2 -2; 4 -3 -5]; N = [1 -1 3; 1/2 5 3];

Calculate the real nth roots of the elements in `X`

.

Y = nthroot(X,N)

`Y = `*2×3*
-2.0000 -0.5000 -1.2599
16.0000 -1.2457 -1.7100

Except for the signs (which are treated separately), the result is comparable to `abs(X).^(1./N)`

. By contrast, you can calculate the complex roots using `X.^(1./N)`

.

## Input Arguments

`X`

— Input array

scalar | vector | matrix | multidimensional array | table | timetable

Input array, specified as a scalar, vector, matrix, multidimensional array, table, or
timetable. The elements of `X`

must be real. Inputs
`X`

and `N`

must either be the
same size or have sizes that are compatible.

**Data Types: **`single`

| `double`

| `table`

| `timetable`

`N`

— Roots to calculate

scalar | vector | matrix | multidimensional array | table | timetable

Roots to calculate, specified as a scalar, vector, matrix, multidimensional array, table, or
timetable. The elements of `N`

must be real. If an
element in `X`

is negative, the corresponding element in
`N`

must be an odd integer. Inputs
`X`

and `N`

must either be the
same size or have sizes that are compatible.

If

`X`

is a multidimensional array,`N`

cannot be a table or timetable.If

`X`

is a table or timetable, then`N`

can be the same data type as`X`

or a scalar, vector, matrix, or multidimensional array of a compatible size. If both inputs are tables or timetables, then see Rules for Table and Timetable Mathematics for the input requirements.

**Data Types: **`single`

| `double`

| `table`

| `timetable`

## Tips

While

`power`

is a more efficient function for computing the roots of numbers, in cases where both real and complex roots exist,`power`

returns only the complex roots. In these cases, use`nthroot`

to obtain the real roots.

## Extended Capabilities

### Tall Arrays

Calculate with arrays that have more rows than fit in memory.

This function fully supports tall arrays. For more information, see Tall Arrays.

### C/C++ Code Generation

Generate C and C++ code using MATLAB® Coder™.

### Thread-Based Environment

Run code in the background using MATLAB® `backgroundPool`

or accelerate code with Parallel Computing Toolbox™ `ThreadPool`

.

This function fully supports thread-based environments. For more information, see Run MATLAB Functions in Thread-Based Environment.

### GPU Arrays

Accelerate code by running on a graphics processing unit (GPU) using Parallel Computing Toolbox™.

This function fully supports GPU arrays. For more information, see Run MATLAB Functions on a GPU (Parallel Computing Toolbox).

### Distributed Arrays

Partition large arrays across the combined memory of your cluster using Parallel Computing Toolbox™.

This function fully supports distributed arrays. For more information, see Run MATLAB Functions with Distributed Arrays (Parallel Computing Toolbox).

## Version History

**Introduced before R2006a**

### R2023b: Support for implicit expansion of arguments

`nthroot`

supports implicit expansion of the input arguments
`X`

and `N`

. For more information on the
required input sizes, see Compatible Array Sizes for Basic Operations.

If your code relies on the errors that MATLAB^{®} previously returned for mismatched sizes, particularly within a
`try`

/`catch`

block, then your code might
no longer catch those errors.

### R2023a: Perform calculations directly on tables and timetables

The `nthroot`

function can calculate on all variables within a table or
timetable without indexing to access those variables. All variables must have data types
that support the calculation. For more information, see Direct Calculations on Tables and Timetables.

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