Main Content

fspl

Free space path loss

Description

example

L = fspl(R,lambda) returns the free space path loss in decibels for a waveform with wavelength lambda propagated over a distance of R meters. The minimum value of L is zero, indicating no path loss.

Examples

collapse all

Calculate the free-space path loss (in dB) of a 10 GHz radar signal over a distance of 10 km.

fc = 10.0e9;
lambda = physconst('LightSpeed')/fc;
R = 10e3;
L = fspl(R,lambda)
L = 132.4478

Input Arguments

collapse all

Units are in meters.

Wavelength units are meters.

Output Arguments

collapse all

When lambda is a scalar, L has the same dimensions as R.

More About

collapse all

Free Space Path Loss

The free-space path loss, L, in decibels is:

L=20log10(4πRλ)

This formula assumes that the target is in the far-field of the transmitting element or array. In the near-field, the free-space path loss formula is not valid and can result in a loss smaller than 0 dB, equivalent to a signal gain. For this reason, the loss is set to 0 dB for range values R ≤ λ/4π.

References

[1] Proakis, J. Digital Communications. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001.

Extended Capabilities

Introduced in R2011a