Main Content

PS Sine Wave

Generate sine wave physical signal, using simulation time as time source

  • Library:
  • Simscape / Foundation Library / Physical Signals / Sources

  • PS Sine Wave block

Description

The PS Sine Wave block outputs a sinusoidal waveform, while providing flexibility in how you specify the sine wave frequency.

In the SI unit system, the unit of frequency is hertz (Hz), defined as 1/s. However, you can also use angular velocity units, such as rad/s, deg/s, and rpm, to measure frequency for cyclical processes. This approach is consistent with frequency defined as revolutions per second in a mechanical context, or cycles per second in an electrical context, and lets you write frequency-dependent equations without requiring the 2*pi conversion factor. For more information, see Units for Angular Velocity and Frequency.

The Frequency specification parameter lets you choose the method of specifying the frequency of the sine wave:

  • If you select Frequency(SI), specify frequency in Hz, or in units directly convertible to Hz (such as kHz, MHz, and GHz) . The underlying block equation is then:

    O=amplitudesin(2πfrequency_sitime+phase)+bias

  • If you select Angular, specify angular frequency in rad/s, deg/s, or rpm. The underlying block equation is then:

    O=amplitudesin(angular_frequencytime+phase)+bias

where

OPhysical signal at the output port
amplitudeAmplitude parameter value
frequency_siFrequency (SI) parameter value
angular_frequencyAngular frequency parameter value
timeSimulation time
phasePhase parameter value
biasBias parameter value

The Amplitude and Bias parameter values determine whether the output signal is a scalar, vector, or matrix. If one of them is a vector or a matrix, the other must be a vector or a matrix of the same size, or a scalar. The output signal is then also a vector or a matrix of the same size.

Amplitude and Bias must have commensurate units. The unit at the output port is determined by unit propagation rules. If the two parameters have the same units, then the output signal unit is also the same. If the parameter units are different, then the unit of the output signal is the base unit commensurate with the units of the parameters. For more information, see Physical Signal Unit Propagation.

Ports

Output

expand all

Output physical signal. The signal size matches the size of Amplitude and Bias parameter values. The signal unit is determined by the Amplitude and Bias parameter units.

The port name is not visible in the block icon, but you can see this name in the underlying source file (accessible by clicking the Source code link in the block dialog box).

Parameters

expand all

The amplitude of the sinusoidal waveform. The first edit box represents the parameter value. You can specify a scalar, vector, or matrix. By default, the value is a scalar, 1. If you specify a vector or a matrix, Bias must also be a vector or a matrix of the same size, or a scalar.

The second combo box represents the parameter unit, which also determines the unit of the output signal. By default, the unit is 1 (unitless). You can select a unit from the drop-down list or type the desired unit name, such as Pa, or a valid expression, such as m^2. For more information and a list of unit abbreviations, see How to Specify Units in Block Dialogs and Unit Definitions.

The bias of the sinusoidal waveform, that is, the constant value added to the sine wave to produce the output. The first edit box represents the parameter value. You can specify a scalar, vector, or matrix. By default, the value is a scalar, 0. If you specify a vector or a matrix, Amplitude must also be a vector or a matrix of the same size, or a scalar.

The second combo box represents the parameter unit. The specified unit must be commensurate with the unit of the Amplitude parameter. By default, the unit is 1 (unitless). You can select a unit from the drop-down list or type the desired unit name, such as Pa, or a valid expression, such as m^2. For more information and a list of unit abbreviations, see How to Specify Units in Block Dialogs and Unit Definitions.

Select whether to specify frequency in SI system units, such as Hz, or angular units, such as rad/s. The underlying block equation changes based on your selection because angular units do not require the 2*pi conversion factor.

The frequency of the sine wave, specified in SI frequency units, such as Hz, kHz, MHz, or GHz.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Frequency specification to Frequency (SI).

The frequency of the sine wave, specified in angular frequency units, such as rad/s, deg/s, or rpm.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Frequency specification to Angular.

The phase shift of the sine wave.

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using Simulink® Coder™.

Introduced in R2021a