Shadow Detection by Using OpenCV Code in Simulink
This example shows how to detect shadows in a recorded video by using the OpenCV Importer app.
First import an OpenCV function into Simulink® by following the Install and Use Computer Vision Toolbox Interface for OpenCV in Simulink. The wizard creates a Simulink library that contains a subsystem and a C Caller block for the specified OpenCV function. The subsystem is then used in a preconfigured Simulink model to accept the recorded video and a threshold value for shadow detection. The shadow detection works per the threshold value. The threshold value can be changed using the slider component available in the model.
You learn how to:
Import an OpenCV function into a Simulink library.
Use blocks from a generated library in a Simulink model.
Set Up Your C++ Compiler
To build the OpenCV libraries, identify a compatible C++ compiler for your operating system, as described in Portable C Code Generation for Functions That Use OpenCV Library. Configure the identified compiler by using the
mex -setup c++ command. For more information, see Choose a C++ Compiler.
In this example, a shadow detector is implemented by using the Simulink model
In this model, the
subsystem_slwrap_run_shadow_detection subsystem resides in the
Shadow_Detection_Lib library. You create the
subsystem_slwrap_run_shadow_detection subsystem by using the OpenCV Importer app. The subsystem accepts a video from the From Multimedia File block and a threshold value to detect the shadow in the video. The output is displayed using the Video Viewer block. In the
inImage is the input image,
thresh is the threshold of the algorithm and
outImage is the output image. The threshold slider is used to change the threshold value during the simulation.
Copy Example Folder to a Writable Location
To access the path to the example folder, at the MATLAB® command line, enter:
Each subfolder contains all the supporting files required to run the example.
Before proceeding with these steps, ensure that you copy the example folder to a writable folder location and change your current working folder to
...example\ShadowDetection. All your output files are saved to this folder.
Step 1: Import OpenCV Function to Create a Simulink Library
1. To start the OpenCV Importer app, click Apps on the MATLAB Toolstrip. In the Welcome page, specify the Project name as
Shadow_Detection. Make sure that the project name does not contain any spaces. Click Next.
2. In Specify OpenCV Library, specify these file locations, and then click Next.
Project root folder : Specify the path of your example folder. This path is the path to the writable project folder where you have saved your example files. All your output files are saved to this folder.
Source files : Specify the path of the
.cppfile located inside your project folder as
Include files : Specify the path of the
.hppheader file located inside your project folder as
3. Analyze your library to find the functions and types for import. Once the analysis is complete, click Next. Select the
run_shadow_detection function and click Next.
4. From What to import, select the I/O Type for
outImage as Output and then click Next.
5. In Create Simulink Library, configure the default values of OpenCV types. By default, Create a single C-caller block for the OpenCV function is selected to create a C Caller block along with the subsystem in the generated Simulink library.
6. Select Configure library to use Simulink.ImageType signals to configure the generated library subsystem to use
7. Set Default Color Format of Simlink.ImageType signal to
RGB, which is the default color format of the image.
8. Set Default Array layout of Simulink.ImageType signal to
Column-major, which is the default array layout of the image.
9. To create a Simulink library, click Next.
A Simulink library
Shadow_Detection_Lib is created from your OpenCV code into the project root folder. The library contains a subsystem and a C Caller block. You can use any of these blocks for model simulation. In this example, the subsystem
subsystem_slwrap_run_shadow_detection is used.
Step 2: Use Generated Subsystem in Simulink Model
To use the generated subsystem
subsystem_slwrap_run_shadow_detection with the Simulink model
1. In your MATLAB current folder, right-click the model
ShadowDetection.slx and click Open from the context menu. Drag the generated subsystem from the library to the model. Insert the subsystem between From Multimedia File block and Constant block and Video Viewer block.
2. Double-click the subsystem and configure these parameter values:
3. Click Apply, and then click OK.
Step 3: Simulate the Shadow Detector
On the Simulink Toolstrip, in the Simulation tab, click on Run to simulate the model. After the simulation is complete, the Video Viewer block displays a video with shadows marked with a red outline depending on the threshold value. For the displayed example video, threshold value is set to