# extract first row from matrix

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Hello Matlab on 5 Feb 2015
Answered: Abhishek Mishra on 21 Oct 2020 at 6:24
I'm trying to extract the first row from my matrix and put in a vector like [m,n]
my matrix is 2x5 size.
but I'm getting errors, Indexing cannot yield multiple results.

#### 1 Comment

Zabir Al Nazi Nabil on 4 Apr 2017
To extract first row from matrix X, you can do this - XX = X(1:1,:); Then, to copy it in a vector, you just do this - Y = XX;

Hikaru on 5 Feb 2015
You have the wrong syntax.
Lets say A is your 2x5 matrix.
A = rand(2,5)
Then to extract the first row, you simply use:
V = A(1,:);

Hello Matlab on 5 Feb 2015
yes but I want to get the first row to a vector of 1x2, and to by [m,n] where the first element in the new vector is m and the second is n... how I can assign those two value to [m,n]??
Hikaru on 5 Feb 2015
I'm not exactly sure if I understood your question correctly. How are you supposed to get 1x2 vector when the first row contains 5 elements? Did you mean that your original matrix is 5x2 matrix (i.e. 5 rows and 2 columns)?
You got the error 'Indexing cannot yield multiple results' because you tried to assign the values to m and n in one command line.
Assuming the above, why don't you try:
A = rand(5,2)
V = A(1,:); % extract the first row and assign it to V
m = V(1)
n = V(2)
[m, n] % this is essentially V, but if this is what you wanted
Stephen Cobeldick on 5 Feb 2015
@Hello Matlab: Your explanation is inconsistent: "...to get the first row to a vector of 1x2..." and "assign those two value to [m,n]" means two quite different things. Do you want to obtain the vector of the first row, OR to get two variables m,n corresponding to the elements of the first row of the matrix? So far Hikaru and I have addressed both of these, so if there is something that is not clear, you need to explain it to us again.

MathWorks Support Team on 27 Nov 2018
To extract any row from a matrix, use the colon operator in the second index position of your matrix. For example, consider the following:
A = [1 2 3; 4 5 6];
row1 = A(1,:)
row2 = A(2,:)
“row1” is the first row of “A”, and “row2” is the second row.
For more on basic indexing, see:

Stephen Cobeldick on 5 Feb 2015
Edited: Stephen Cobeldick on 5 Feb 2015
What you are trying to do is create a comma-separated list from a numeric vector. As far as I know, there is no inbuilt way to achieve this. This question has also been asked before , you might find other discussions on this online.
Usually in MATLAB it makes a lot more sense to keep your data together in arrays, so it may not be necessary to do this multiple-assignment. You should consider this. However if it really is necessary to do this multiple assignment, then you could:
2. Assign via a cell array:
B = num2cell(A(1,1:2));
[n,m] = B{:};
Although the first option is much clearer!
EDIT: on re-reading your question, it seems that perhaps all you are after is just the vector of the first row of A, in which case you do not need to assign to two separate values first, as you can just extract the vector directly:
V = A(1,:);
If you just need the row (vector), then there is no need in MATLAB to create intermediate variables m,n.

naazneen vhora on 11 May 2018
if i wanted to extract a certain column without the first element how would i do that.
for example, if my column has the values: 2,3,4,5,6... and i want to access all the values in the column after 2 how would i do that? Yes i mean column for typing reasons i wrote it horizontally.

#### 1 Comment

Stephen Cobeldick on 11 May 2018
Using basic MATLAB indexing:
M(2:end,C)
for column C of matrix M. Basic MATLAB indexing is explained in the introductory tutorials:

SANTOSH MOHAPATRA on 17 Apr 2019
I have a matrix of dimension(256, 32), means rows=256 and column=32. I want to select 128 rows of the particular matrix and make another Vector of dimension (1, 256*32) means to represent all the elements in a single row. How can I do that?

#### 1 Comment

Stephen Cobeldick on 17 Apr 2019
No loop required, just use indexing and reshape (and possibly transpose, depending on the order you want).

Abhishek Mishra 5 minutes ago
You can combine indexing with assignment to change array values to equal other elements. For example, this code would change the value of x(1) to x(2):
x(1) = x(2)
Try changing the first column of data to the second column of data.