Calculate weekly mean from temperature data

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Can anyone help me to calculate weekly means of temperature data (td= SST - bottom temp difference) and salinity data? Time is from 1st of July till 31st of August 2022 (hour 12:00:00 for every day).
Could not attach the data as mat files they are too big. My variables include:
td(temperature difference) =783x1230x62 double
sal=4-D double
time = 62x1 datetime
My friend used this code for the same procedure, but I need to change the number of weeks as it's different from my data (she had 13 weeks). I also don't know how to interpret what she did in the calculations ( (w-1)*7+1:w*7) ) so don't know how to apply it to my data. Thanks in advance!
for w = 1:13
tdw(:,:,w) = mean(td(:,:,(w-1)*7+1:w*7),3);
salw(:,:,:,w) = mean(sal(:,:,:,(w-1)*7+1:w*7),4);

Accepted Answer

Antoni Garcia-Herreros
Antoni Garcia-Herreros on 31 Mar 2023
Edited: Antoni Garcia-Herreros on 4 Apr 2023
Hello Giulia,
You may try something like this.
If you need more info on conditional statements, you can refer to this page
td=rand(783,1230,62); %Generate variables for the example
l=1:7:size(td,3); % Indices to separate the days in the week e.g. 1 8 15 ...
tdw=zeros([size(td,[1 2]) size(l,2)]); % Array where the means of td for every week will be stored
salw=zeros([size(sal,[1 2 3]) size(l,2)]); %Same but for sal
for i=1:numel(l) %Loop through the first day of the weeks 1 8 15 ...
if i+1>numel(l) % This will only be true for the last week. Because if we call l(i+1) it will give us an error
% And because the last week is not 7 days, we take the mean of td
% and sal from day l(end), 57, to end of td, 62
salw(:,:,:,i) = mean(sal(:,:,:,l(i):end),4);
else % The rest of the iterations will enter here, where we take the mean between of td or sal between the first and last day of week i
salw(:,:,:,i) = mean(sal(:,:,:,l(i):l(i+1)-1),4);
Hope this helps!
Giulia on 4 Apr 2023
Thanks again for the clarification!

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