MATLAB Answers

Concatenate Columns of Cells

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Chameleon17
Chameleon17 on 2 Jun 2015
Commented: Jan Orwat on 2 Jun 2015
Hi,
I have asked this question earlier, but I think I have though of how to better phrase it.
Columns 1 through 5
'01/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
'01/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '05/04/2004'
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '04/04/2004' [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '04/04/2004' [ 0]
[ 0] '02/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '05/04/2004'
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '05/04/2004'
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '04/04/2004' [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '04/04/2004' [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
'01/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] '03/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
'01/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] '03/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] '03/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '05/04/2004'
There is only ever one date per row, and I want to concatenate them into one column, removing all the zeros.
I think it is difficult because of the cell/date format that I have going on. I've managed to make one very long vector of it all, and get rid of the zeros but lose the order they are in.
Any thoughts would be very much appreciated! Or any reading, or hints even...
Thanks!

Answers (3)

Jan Orwat
Jan Orwat on 2 Jun 2015
Hello, I can see that date is of type string in your cell array and non-date fields are zeros (non-string). Assuming that in every row there is just one date you can get those like that:
c = yourCell.'; % rows becomes columns, columns becomes rows - this is for MATLAB indexing purposes
datesOnly = c(cellfun(@isstr,c));
This method will delete those rows which doesn't contain dates at all. It won't work properly if row contain more than one date because it gets all dates from array row by row.

  2 Comments

Chameleon17
Chameleon17 on 2 Jun 2015
Hi!
Thank you a lot! This worked! I've been stuck here for so long.
I have come up with a different problem now. I have realized that not every row has a date... but I need them to maintain their original order, with a space if the date is missing. Do you know if it would be possible to do this?
Jan Orwat
Jan Orwat on 2 Jun 2015
Hope this will help:
>> a = {
[ 0] [ 0] '20/7/2014'
[ 0] '23/7/2014' [ 0]
'26/7/2014' [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
'21/7/2014' [ 0] [ 0]};
>> [r,c] = find(cellfun(@isstr,a));
>> dates = accumarray(r,r+(c-1)*size(a,1),[],@(x)a(x),{'missing'})
dates =
'20/7/2014'
'23/7/2014'
'26/7/2014'
'missing'
'21/7/2014'
>> % or:
>> dates = accumarray(r,r+(c-1)*size(a,1),[],@(x)a(x),{0})
dates =
'20/7/2014'
'23/7/2014'
'26/7/2014'
[0]
'21/7/2014'

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Thomas Koelen
Thomas Koelen on 2 Jun 2015
I think this does what you want :)
a={'20/7/2014' 0 0; 0 '23/7/2014' 0; 0 0 '26/7/2014'};
j=1;
for i=1:size(a,1)*size(a,2)
if a{i}~=0
x(j)=i;
j=j+1;
end
end
for k=1:j-1
anew{k,1}=a{x(k)};
end
anew
a =
'20/7/2014' [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] '23/7/2014' [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] '26/7/2014'
anew =
'20/7/2014'
'23/7/2014'
'26/7/2014'

  1 Comment

Jan Orwat
Jan Orwat on 2 Jun 2015
Hi Thomas, in your example, when you change a:
>> a={0 0 '20/7/2014'; 0 '23/7/2014' 0; '26/7/2014' 0 0}
a =
[ 0] [ 0] '20/7/2014'
[ 0] '23/7/2014' [ 0]
'26/7/2014' [ 0] [ 0]
it gives:
>> anew
anew =
'26/7/2014'
'23/7/2014'
'20/7/2014'
so it looks like it does not work.

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Andrei Bobrov
Andrei Bobrov on 2 Jun 2015
d = { '01/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
'01/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '05/04/2004'
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '04/04/2004' [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '04/04/2004' [ 0]
[ 0] '02/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '05/04/2004'
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '05/04/2004'
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '04/04/2004' [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '04/04/2004' [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
'01/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] '03/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
'01/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] '03/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] '03/04/2004' [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0]
[ 0] [ 0] [ 0] [ 0] '05/04/2004'};
[ii,jj] = find( cellfun('ischar',d));
k = sortrows([ii,jj],1);
out = d(sub2ind(size(d),k(:,1),k(:,2)));

  1 Comment

Chameleon17
Chameleon17 on 2 Jun 2015
Hi, I would like to use your solution. Your solutions have been very helpful! This keeps telling me that there is 'Error using cellfun Unknown option.' I'm not sure how to fix that unfortunately...

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