# "Algebraic Loop" Question

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David Yu on 1 Jul 2015
Answered: alao ben on 29 May 2019
Hi!
I am working on a school project using Simulink and I would like to ask if anyone knows why can't Simulink solve the following system.
I have tried using "Trust-Region" and "Line-Search" solvers, changed the stepsize, tolerances without any luck. Here is the error I get:
Algebraic state in algebraic loop containing 'test_valve_10/Pressure Valve1/Sum2' computed at time 0.0 is Inf or NaN. There may be a singularity in the solution. If the model is correct, try reducing the step size (either by reducing the fixed step size or by tightening the error tolerances)
I have also uploaded an image of the formula and the Simulink file, I need to find out p2.
It would be great if any of you knew about this.
Thank you so much in advance!
Best Regards,
David

Martin Brown on 1 Jul 2015
From a very quick look, you appear to be computing p2 as the dependent variable in the Simulink simulation, but you're also giving it an initial value of 100000, without it being a dynamic equation? I'd imagine Simulink can't make the equation consistent which is giving the error message. p1, p3 etc appear to be constants, so if this really is an algebraic equation, you probably should be using "solve" (symbolic) or "fzero" (numeric) in Matlab.
David Yu on 1 Jul 2015
Yes, that how I want to calculate p2. Have p1, p3 and flow2 as variables. The p2 will be used in a larger simulation, but I guess once is calculated in this small model it will be fine.
You are right! the square root is the thing that makes it hard for it to calculate. I changed the "function" of the square root into "signedSqrt" instead of "sqrt" and it was able to calculate it. I tried using the "Matlab function" block to simplify the entire calculation inside but unfortunately it won't take algebraic loops.
I hope this solved my problem, thank you very much! it really means a lot to me.

### More Answers (1)

alao ben on 29 May 2019
ok