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How to retrieve the output from callback function?

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jupiter on 16 Dec 2016
Commented: Jan on 20 Feb 2018
I have designed a pushbutton on a MATLAB figure and written a callback function, while the function runs without any error, it does not produce any output. May I know how to retrieve the output from the callback function. Here is my code :
The screen :
f=figure('Position',[10 100 1500 700]);
pb1 = uicontrol(f,'Style','pushbutton','String','Slice# in yz plane',...
'Position',[1425 600 100 50],...
The callback function :
function[slice_num] = pb1_callback(src,eventdata)
prompt={'Enter the Slice Number'};
slicenum = inputdlg(prompt);
slice_num = str2double(slicenum);
When I press the pusbutton 'pb1', it gives a popup window wherein I input the number. Issue is that I am not able to find this entered number in my main program. I am sure there is some issue with defining it in main program. Any help will be upvoted.
Adam on 19 Dec 2016
What is samplemag?
tells the code that when pb1_Callback is called it expects the caller to give it those 3 arguments, all of which will then be ignored.
@(src,eventdata)pb1_callback( samplemag )
with a function definition of
function pb1_callback(samplemag)
is likely what you want, unless you also want src or eventdata in which case pass them in the final brackets of the callback definition too.
In terms of the original question you can achieve the equivalent of this either by using nested functions or by passing an object of a handle-derived class into your callback.

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Accepted Answer

Jan on 16 Dec 2016
Callbacks do not have any output. They react to a user action, so where should the put any output to? There is even no "main" program, when a GUI is active. This is not the purpose of a GUI.
You display Outputs in the CommandWindow or the GUI or store it for later use inside the GUI. The later is done either by guidata, set/getappdata or by writing to the UserData of an object or the GUI. You can store data as persistent variables in another function also.
If your "main" program waits, until the GUI is finished, your GUI can output some values or you can request them by guidata before the window is deleted. The best way depends on where you need which data and if your GUI is created by GUIDE or programmatically.
Search in this forum for "GUI share data callbacks"
Jan on 19 Dec 2016
'callback', {@pb1_callback, samplemag})

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More Answers (2)

Henry Giddens
Henry Giddens on 16 Dec 2016
You will have to store the answer as a property or else if is will be lost when the callback function finishes executing. There are a number of ways to do this. You can store it in the figures UserData Property:
%At the end of the callback function:
src.Parent.UserData = slice_num;
%When you want to retrieve it from somewhere else:
slice_num = f.UserData;
You can also use setappdata and getappdata, to pass data between various callback functions.

Lavi Sekundo
Lavi Sekundo on 20 Feb 2018
I just realized this one (e.g.)
when you execute the callback by selecting/un-selecting a CheckBox in the GUI, you are in fact executing whatever is in the quotes. Just define your function as you would do anyway
function outVar=myFunction(inVar)
Jan on 20 Feb 2018
@Lavi: This is a bad idea. The string is evaluated in the base workspace and this can have all evil side-effects as other eval calls. E.g. redefine "myFunction" as a variable in the command window and afterwards your callback crash. It will be very hard to debug such remote effects.

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