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how to plot fourier series in matlab

Asked by omar alblooshi on 16 Mar 2018
Latest activity Edited by Abraham Boayue on 15 Jun 2018
how to plot fourier series in matlab

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Have you done the integrals to fined the a0, an and bn? If so, what is the expression you got for the fourier series?
Regarding the question (1) in the picture, I would recommend try to calculate by hand first, for your better understanding of Fourier transformation of periodic function.

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3 Answers

Answer by Abhishek Ballaney on 16 Mar 2018

https://in.mathworks.com/help/curvefit/fourier.html

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Answer by Abraham Boayue on 18 Mar 2018
Edited by Abraham Boayue on 15 Jun 2018

Here is what your Fourirer series would like if my calculations were made correctly. An attachment of the solution is also included for your reference. Take care for now.
clear variables
close all
% Fourier series of neither even nor odd function
% Decompose f(x) into even (fe) and odd (fo) functions.
% fe = (f(x) + f(-x))/2, fo = (f(x) - f(-x))/2
N = 500;
L = 4;
xd = -L:2*L/(N-1):L;
y1 = -1/8*xd.^2;
y2 = 1/8*xd.^2;
fo = y1.*(-L<=xd & xd<=0) +y2.*(0<=xd & xd<=L);
fe = 4-xd.^2/8;
f2 = fe + fo;
a0 = 10/3;
% Generate the fourier series of f(x)
y = zeros(1,N);
x = [];
K = 80;
for k = 1:K
ck = 1/(pi*k);
an = (2*L*(-1).^(k+1))*ck^2;
bn = L*(-1).^(k+1)*ck + (2*L*ck^3)*((-1)^k-1);
y = y + (an*cos(pi*k/L*xd)+ bn*sin(pi*k/L*xd)); % For fe and fo
x = [x;y];
end
y = a0 +y;
x = a0 +x;
% Color codes
s = distinguishable_colors(K); % search this function on mathworks
figure
subplot(121) % Plot f(t)
plot(xd,f2,'linewidth',2.5,'color',s(1,:))
line(xlim,[0 0],'color',s(6,:),'linewidth',3);
line([0 0],ylim,'color',s(6,:)','linewidth',3);
ylim([-.5 4]);
a= xlabel('\itt\rm (seconds)');
set(a,'fontsize',20);
a = ylabel('\itf\rm(\itt\rm)');
set(a,'fontsize',20);
a= title('f(t)');
set(a,'fontsize',14);
grid
subplot(122) % Plot fouries series of f(t);
hold on
q = length(x(:,1));
M = 1:q;
for i = 1:6:q
plot(xd,x(i,:),'linewidth',2.5,'color',s(i,:),'DisplayName',sprintf('S = %1.2f',M(i)))
end
a= title('Fourier series of f(t)');
set(a,'fontsize',14);
a= xlabel('\itt\rm (seconds)');
set(a,'fontsize',20);
a = ylabel('\itf\rm(\itt\rm)');
set(a,'fontsize',20);
line(xlim,[0 0],'color',s(6,:),'linewidth',3);
line([0 0],ylim,'color',s(6,:)','linewidth',3);
legend('-DynamicLegend','location','bestoutside');
grid

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Answer by Abraham Boayue on 18 Mar 2018

The is the solution file, the math is a bit messy, but I assume that you are familiar with the material that you are studying.

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