Asked by Keegan Carvalho
on 10 Oct 2018

I am trying to make a nonlinear regression model of the attached csv file. I used the following code:

if true

data=readtable('ban1.csv')

sea=data(:,1)

sst=data(:,2)

at=data(:,3)

X = [sst,at];

y = sea;

modelfun = @(b,x)b(1) + b(2)*x(:,1).^b(3) + ...

b(4)*x(:,2).^b(5)

beta0 = [100 100 100 100 100];

mdl = fitnlm(X,y,modelfun,beta0)

% code

end

I am getting the following errors:

Error using internal.stats.parseArgs (line 42) Wrong number of arguments.

Error in NonLinearModel.fit (line 1385) internal.stats.parseArgs(paramNames, paramDflts, otherArgs{:});

Error in fitnlm (line 99) model = NonLinearModel.fit(X,varargin{:});

Would be grateful if someone can help me, if possible with code. I would also like to know where I am going wrong.

Thank you

Answer by Star Strider
on 10 Oct 2018

Accepted Answer

You are not extracting your table variables correctly.

This works (extracting the data from your table):

X = [data.sst, data.at];

y = data.sea;

modelfun = @(b,x)b(1) + b(2)*x(:,1).^b(3) + ...

b(4)*x(:,2).^b(5)

beta0 = [100 100 100 100 100];

mdl = fitnlm(X,y,modelfun,beta0)

and so does this (using your table, and simply rearranging its columns to be compatible with what fitnlm expects):

new_table = data(:, [2 3 1]);

modelfun = @(b,x)b(1) + b(2).*x(:,1).^b(3) + ...

b(4).*x(:,2).^b(5)

beta0 = [100 100 100 100 100];

mdl = fitnlm(new_table,modelfun,beta0)

The ‘carbig’ model is likely not appropriate for your sea level and temperature data, so I am not surprised that the model fails, even though the code now runs without error.

Star Strider
on 12 Oct 2018

Choose a set that seems reasonable. With some models, there are ways to approximate the signs and magnitudes of initial estimates. For other models, not. (I was just experimenting with the model you posted, and it bears no relations to climatology or reality. There is certainly nothing to recommend it.)

When I ran your initial data, the only predictor that was reasonable was the year. There is probably too much noise (or not enough data) otherwise to demonstrate a relationship. That is simply reality.

Keegan Carvalho
on 13 Oct 2018

Star Strider
on 13 Oct 2018

My pleasure.

This is not my area of expertise. I suggest you do an Interweb search for an appropriate model.

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Answer by Image Analyst
on 13 Oct 2018

You should use scatteredInterpolant(). Write back if you can't figure it out.

Star Strider
on 13 Oct 2018

Keegan Carvalho has a complete data set, so interpolation would likely not gain anything.

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Answer by Image Analyst
on 13 Oct 2018

Try using scatteredInterpolant(). Below is a complete demo:

clc; % Clear the command window.

close all; % Close all figures (except those of imtool.)

clear; % Erase all existing variables. Or clearvars if you want.

workspace; % Make sure the workspace panel is showing.

format long g;

format compact;

fontSize = 20;

format bank

% Read in data.

data=importdata('ban1.csv')

data = data.data;

% Extract various components.

sea=data(:,1)

sst=data(:,2)

at=data(:,3)

%================================ MAIN PART RIGHT HERE ==============================================

% Make the scattered interpolant.

F = scatteredInterpolant(sst, at, sea)

% Get a grid of points at every pixel location in the RGB image.

resolution = 300; % Number of points across that you want ot evaluate it at.

x = linspace(min(sst), max(sst), resolution);

y = linspace(min(at), max(at), resolution);

[xGrid, yGrid] = meshgrid(x, y);

xq = xGrid(:);

yq = yGrid(:);

% Evaluate the interpolant at query locations (xq,yq).

vq = F(xq, yq);

fittedImage = reshape(vq, resolution, resolution);

%================================ END OF MAIN PART ==============================================

imshow(fittedImage, [], 'XData', x, 'YData', y);

axis on;

xlabel('sst', 'FontSize', fontSize);

ylabel('at', 'FontSize', fontSize);

title('sea as a function of sst and at', 'FontSize', fontSize);

colorbar;

% Enlarge figure to full screen.

set(gcf, 'Units', 'Normalized', 'OuterPosition', [0, 0.04, 1, 0.96]);

% For fun, overlay the known points.

hold on;

plot(sst, at, 'r*', 'MarkerSize', 20, 'LineWidth', 2);

You can use a colormap if you want.

Walter Roberson
on 16 Oct 2018

You have 17 data points. To have any useful statistical significance, you need at least 5 points per degree of freedom. I figure that you therefore cannot justify any model with more than 3 degrees of freedom, and that you might be able to say "suggestive" with 4 degrees of freedom, but beyond that you should having nothing to say.

When I look at the image that Image Analyst produced for you, it is pretty clear that you cannot meaningfully create it with two degrees of freedom, and you would be pretty hard pressed to create it with four degrees of freedom.

I think you need to let go of the idea that you have enough data for a meaningful analysis.

Keegan Carvalho
on 22 Oct 2018

Keegan Carvalho
on 27 Oct 2018

Thank you Image Analyst for your help and guidance

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## Image Analyst (view profile)

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https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/423273-error-in-nonlinear-regression#comment_621590

## Keegan Carvalho (view profile)

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