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marking a pixel on an image

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divya r
divya r on 18 Aug 2012
I have found out the center of gravity of an image and want to see its position on the image. I tried using
plot(CentroidX,CentroidY, 'r+', 'MarkerSize', 1, 'LineWidth', 3);
but the range of the x and y axis are wrong. I want the range to be set equal to the dimensions of the image so that i can see the exact postion of the COG as it would be in the image. How can I do that?

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Accepted Answer

Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 18 Aug 2012
You must have done something wrong to the axes direction or something. Here, take a look at this demo and it does just what you want (just copy, paste, and run):
% Demo to have the user freehand draw an irregular shape over
% a gray scale image, have it extract only that part to a new image,
% and to calculate the mean intensity value of the image within that shape.
% Also calculates the perimeter, centroid, and center of mass (weighted centroid).
% Change the current folder to the folder of this m-file.
if(~isdeployed)
cd(fileparts(which(mfilename)));
end
clc; % Clear command window.
clear; % Delete all variables.
close all; % Close all figure windows except those created by imtool.
imtool close all; % Close all figure windows created by imtool.
workspace; % Make sure the workspace panel is showing.
fontSize = 16;
% Read in a standard MATLAB gray scale demo image.
folder = fullfile(matlabroot, '\toolbox\images\imdemos');
baseFileName = 'cameraman.tif';
% Get the full filename, with path prepended.
fullFileName = fullfile(folder, baseFileName);
% Check if file exists.
if ~exist(fullFileName, 'file')
% File doesn't exist -- didn't find it there. Check the search path for it.
fullFileName = baseFileName; % No path this time.
if ~exist(fullFileName, 'file')
% Still didn't find it. Alert user.
errorMessage = sprintf('Error: %s does not exist in the search path folders.', fullFileName);
uiwait(warndlg(errorMessage));
return;
end
end
grayImage = imread(fullFileName);
imshow(grayImage, []);
axis on;
title('Original Grayscale Image', 'FontSize', fontSize);
set(gcf, 'Position', get(0,'Screensize')); % Maximize figure.
message = sprintf('Left click and hold to begin drawing.\nSimply lift the mouse button to finish');
uiwait(msgbox(message));
hFH = imfreehand();
% Create a binary image ("mask") from the ROI object.
binaryImage = hFH.createMask();
xy = hFH.getPosition;
% Now make it smaller so we can show more images.
subplot(2, 3, 1);
imshow(grayImage, []);
axis on;
title('Original Grayscale Image', 'FontSize', fontSize);
% Display the freehand mask.
subplot(2, 3, 2);
imshow(binaryImage);
axis on;
title('Binary mask of the region', 'FontSize', fontSize);
% Label the binary image and computer the centroid and center of mass.
labeledImage = bwlabel(binaryImage);
measurements = regionprops(binaryImage, grayImage, ...
'area', 'Centroid', 'WeightedCentroid', 'Perimeter');
area = measurements.Area
centroid = measurements.Centroid
centerOfMass = measurements.WeightedCentroid
perimeter = measurements.Perimeter
% Calculate the area, in pixels, that they drew.
numberOfPixels1 = sum(binaryImage(:))
% Another way to calculate it that takes fractional pixels into account.
numberOfPixels2 = bwarea(binaryImage)
% Get coordinates of the boundary of the freehand drawn region.
structBoundaries = bwboundaries(binaryImage);
xy=structBoundaries{1}; % Get n by 2 array of x,y coordinates.
x = xy(:, 2); % Columns.
y = xy(:, 1); % Rows.
subplot(2, 3, 1); % Plot over original image.
hold on; % Don't blow away the image.
plot(x, y, 'LineWidth', 2);
drawnow; % Force it to draw immediately.
% Burn line into image by setting it to 255 wherever the mask is true.
burnedImage = grayImage;
burnedImage(binaryImage) = 255;
% Display the image with the mask "burned in."
subplot(2, 3, 3);
imshow(burnedImage);
axis on;
caption = sprintf('New image with\nmask burned into image');
title(caption, 'FontSize', fontSize);
% Mask the image and display it.
% Will keep only the part of the image that's inside the mask, zero outside mask.
blackMaskedImage = grayImage;
blackMaskedImage(~binaryImage) = 0;
subplot(2, 3, 4);
imshow(blackMaskedImage);
axis on;
title('Masked Outside Region', 'FontSize', fontSize);
% Calculate the mean
meanGL = mean(blackMaskedImage(binaryImage));
% Put up crosses at the centriod and center of mass
hold on;
plot(centroid(1), centroid(2), 'r+', 'MarkerSize', 30, 'LineWidth', 2);
plot(centerOfMass(1), centerOfMass(2), 'g+', 'MarkerSize', 20, 'LineWidth', 2);
% Now do the same but blacken inside the region.
insideMasked = grayImage;
insideMasked(binaryImage) = 0;
subplot(2, 3, 5);
imshow(insideMasked);
axis on;
title('Masked Inside Region', 'FontSize', fontSize);
% Now crop the image.
leftColumn = min(x);
rightColumn = max(x);
topLine = min(y);
bottomLine = max(y);
width = rightColumn - leftColumn + 1;
height = bottomLine - topLine + 1;
croppedImage = imcrop(blackMaskedImage, [leftColumn, topLine, width, height]);
% Display cropped image.
subplot(2, 3, 6);
imshow(croppedImage);
axis on;
title('Cropped Image', 'FontSize', fontSize);
% Put up crosses at the centriod and center of mass
hold on;
plot(centroid(1)-leftColumn, centroid(2)-topLine, 'r+', 'MarkerSize', 30, 'LineWidth', 2);
plot(centerOfMass(1)-leftColumn, centerOfMass(2)-topLine, 'g+', 'MarkerSize', 20, 'LineWidth', 2);
% Report results.
message = sprintf('Mean value within drawn area = %.3f\nNumber of pixels = %d\nArea in pixels = %.2f\nperimeter = %.2f\nCentroid at (x,y) = (%.1f, %.1f)\nCenter of Mass at (x,y) = (%.1f, %.1f)\nRed crosshairs at centroid.\nGreen crosshairs at center of mass.', ...
meanGL, numberOfPixels1, numberOfPixels2, perimeter, ...
centroid(1), centroid(2), centerOfMass(1), centerOfMass(2));
msgbox(message);

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divya r
divya r on 20 Aug 2012
I have already tried using plot function. I wrote that in my question itself.
Using plot function, the marker is placed on an image with dimensions in x axis: 39 to 41 and y axis: 69 to 71. The marker is always at the center of the image. What i want is that the marker should placed on the original image of which it is the COG, which means it should be placed in an image of the dimension 100*200.
Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 20 Aug 2012
It sounds like you didn't use my code, especially the code line that says
hold on;
If you don't use that then when you call plot, it will blow away your image and show you just the marker. Did you use "hold on"? If not, why not?
divya r
divya r on 20 Aug 2012
my bad, guess i missed out that line in a hurry. It works perfectly now. Thanks a lot

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More Answers (1)

Jose Jeremias Caballero
Jose Jeremias Caballero on 19 Aug 2012
used. text(40,70,'+')

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