MATLAB Answers

1

Does Matlab have a mode filter?

Asked by Nicholas on 28 Aug 2012
I'm trying to filter an image with a mode filter just like medfilt2 but using the mode rather than the median. Does this exist?

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2 Answers

Answer by Sean de Wolski
on 28 Aug 2012
Edited by Sean de Wolski
on 28 Aug 2012
 Accepted Answer

Nope, but you could use colfilt to do this really easily.
doc colfilt

  1 Comment

colfilt(image, [5 5], 'sliding', @mode) seems to work for me. Thanks for the help.

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Answer by Image Analyst
on 28 Aug 2012

See my demo. Copy, paste, save as test.m, and run.
% Demo to take the local mode of a gray scale image.
% userImage, if passed in, is used as the image.
% If userImage is not passed in, user is asked to use a demo image.
function test(userImage)
% Clean up.
clc; % Clear the command window.
close all; % Close all figures (except those of imtool.)
workspace; % Make sure the workspace panel is showing.
% Change the current folder to the folder of this m-file.
% (The line of code below is from Brett Shoelson of The Mathworks.)
% Don't use these lines if you're calling this from another m-file.
if(~isdeployed)
cd(fileparts(which(mfilename)));
end
% Check that user has the Image Processing Toolbox installed.
hasIPT = license('test', 'image_toolbox');
if ~hasIPT
% User does not have the toolbox installed.
message = sprintf('Sorry, but you do not seem to have the Image Processing Toolbox.\nDo you want to try to continue anyway?');
reply = questdlg(message, 'Toolbox missing', 'Yes', 'No', 'Yes');
if strcmpi(reply, 'No')
% User said No, so exit.
return;
end
end
% Initialize.
fontSize = 20;
if nargin == 0
% No image passed in on the command line.
% Read in one of the standard MATLAB demo images
% as our original gray scale image and display it.
promptMessage = sprintf('Which image do you want to use.\nThe coins or the cameraman?');
button = questdlg(promptMessage, 'Select Image', 'Coins', 'Cameraman', 'Coins');
if strcmp(button, 'Coins')
grayImage = double(imread('coins.png')); % Cast to double.
else
grayImage = double(imread('cameraman.tif')); % Cast to double.
end
else
% Use the image array passed in on the command line.
grayImage = double(userImage); % Cast to double.
end
% Start timing.
startTime = tic;
subplot(2, 2, 1);
imshow(grayImage, []);
title('Original Image', 'FontSize', fontSize);
set(gcf, 'Position', get(0,'Screensize')); % Maximize figure.
% Perform a mode filter.
% Output image is the mode of the input image in a 3 by 3 sliding window.
ModeFilterFunction = @(x) mode(x(:));
modeImage = nlfilter(grayImage, [3 3], ModeFilterFunction);
% An alternate way of doing the mode filter is on the next line:
% modeImage = reshape(mode(im2col(originalImage,[3 3],'sliding')), size(originalImage)-2);
subplot(2, 2, 2);
imshow(modeImage, [])
title('Mode Image', 'FontSize', fontSize);
elapsedTime = toc(startTime);
message = sprintf('Done!\n\nElapsed time = %.2f seconds.', elapsedTime);
msgbox(message);
return; % End of local_mode() function.

  3 Comments

Thanks a lot for the code. What does the line ModeFilterFunction call? Is x a predefined function?
You can see from this line of code:
ModeFilterFunction = @(x) mode(x(:));
that it calls mode(). It's an anonymous function handle that you can use in nlfilter(). You should learn how to use nlfilter() because it will let you do so much more than colfilt().
True nlfilter is more powerful, but any time you can apply colfilt it will likely be faster.

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