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how to change suddenly dropping output by a gradually dropping output?

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Lucky
Lucky on 20 Aug 2020
Commented: Fangjun Jiang on 21 Aug 2020
I am using simulink matlab function to process some inputs and create an output as shown
Here, as shown in the graph I don,t want a step decrease(marked with blue
arrow). Instead I need it follow a slope and go down gradually. This is changed by the 'x2' input in the simulink figure shown above which right now is just a constant block. This block gets activated only when the condition mentioned in the code below is fulfilled and also this height can vary dependng on the different inputs. In nutshell I can only predict the starting point of the red line (top one) and then it should go down to other point on its own.
function y = Signal_gain(Kr,x,x1,x2,x3)
if (Kr<x1)
u = 1;
elseif (Kr>x1)&&(Kr<0)
u = x2;
else
u = x3;
end
y = u*x;
end

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Answers (1)

Fangjun Jiang
Fangjun Jiang on 21 Aug 2020
The Rate Limiter block is usually used for this. It is used to generate a slope after (not before) the falling or rising edge. But if you could "predict the starting point of the red line", I think you could move the edge to that point and use the Rate Limiter block outside of the MATLAB Function block to do the job.

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Lucky
Lucky on 21 Aug 2020
Thanks Fangjun for your help. But this still doesnot solve my problem. I do get a slope with this but starts too late and it is too little. Is there a way I can write some statements with counter or for loop in the matlab code to create this slope.
Fangjun Jiang
Fangjun Jiang on 21 Aug 2020
"but starts too late and it is too little"
You said you could "predict the starting point of the red line". That should be the timing for the new falling edge. The rate of the slope can be adjusted by the parameter of the Rate Limiter block.
The MATLAB Function block is executed at every simulation step. You certainly can put in whatever code in the MATLAB Functon block to generate your desired output.

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