Go through the following video tutorial, it has implementation of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). In the first part, theoretical foundations of PSO is briefly reviewed. In the next two parts of this video tutorial, PSO is implemented line-by-line and from scratch, and every line of code is described in detail. Maybe this will give you fair idea about the initialization of particle.
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Hello, How to do the optimization with the PSO when we have an objective function which depends on two variables but the limits of variation of the two variables are different? for example -5 <x1 <3 and -100 <x2 <200