# ddt

Version 1.0.0.0 (1.77 KB) by
Calculate time derivative as a function of state and input variables of a (nonlinear) dynamic system
1.1K Downloads
Updated 16 Oct 2008

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function ddt(of, n, state,dstate,f,u)

Given:
of: the symbolic function you want the derivative of (e.g. x2)
n: n'th order derivative
state: a column vector denoting the names of the state, e.g. [x1;x2]
dstate: the names of the states plus a d in front of them, e.g. [dx1; dx2]
f: symbolic expression for the derivative of the state, e.g. [x2, sin(u1) ]
u: a list of inputs, e.g. [u1]

Example:
Suppose we have the following (nonlinear) dynamic system:

d/ / x1 \ / 2 * cos(x2) + u1 \
dt \ x2 / = \ - x1^2 + x1*u2 / , y = x2 + x1 + u2

where x1, x2 are time-dependent states and u1/u2 are time-dependent inputs
and we are interested (for some reason) in the second time derivative of
y, expressed in terms of the state [x1;x2] and the inputs and its
derivatives ([u1;u2], [du1;du2], [d2u1; d2u2]). We calculate this as
follows:

clear
syms x1 x2 dx1 dx2 u1 u2;
eqn = [ 2*cos(x2) + u1; -x1^2 + x1*u2];
y = x2 + x1 + u2;
ddy = ddt ( y, 2, [x1;x2], [dx1;dx2], eqn, [u1;u2])

Output:
ddy =
(-2*x1+u2)*(2*cos(x2)+u1)-2*sin(x2)*(-x1^2+x1*u2)+du1+x1*du2+d2u2

Note: This function needs the function 'fulldiff' by Tim Jorris, which
can be downloaded from Matlab's File Exchange.

### Cite As

Gijs van Oort (2024). ddt (https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/21764-ddt), MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .

##### MATLAB Release Compatibility
Created with R14SP2
Compatible with any release
##### Platform Compatibility
Windows macOS Linux
##### Categories
Find more on Symbolic Math Toolbox in Help Center and MATLAB Answers
##### Acknowledgements

Inspired by: fulldiff.m

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Version Published Release Notes
1.0.0.0