Lambert's Problem

Lambert’s problem is the orbital boundary-value problem constrained by two points and elapsed time.


Updated 21 Apr 2021

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In celestial mechanics Lambert's problem is concerned with the determination of an orbit from two position vectors and the time of flight, solved by Johann Heinrich Lambert. It has important applications in the areas of rendezvous, targeting, guidance, and preliminary orbit determination. Suppose a body under the influence of a central gravitational force is observed to travel from point P1 on its conic trajectory, to a point P2 in a time T. The time of flight is related to other variables by Lambert’s theorem, which states:
The transfer time of a body moving between two points on a conic trajectory is a function only of the sum of the distances of the two points from the origin of the force, the linear distance between the points, and the semimajor axis of the conic.
Vallado D. A; Fundamentals of Astrodynamics and Applications; McGraw-Hill, New York; 3rd edition(2007).

Cite As

Meysam Mahooti (2023). Lambert's Problem (, MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .

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Version Published Release Notes

SINH is replaced by sinh on line 110 of LAMBERTBATTIN.m.