% soln = fitSplineToData(problem)
% Fit a cubic spline to a data set. The user can specify boundary
% constraints on the value, slope, and curvature along each dimension.
% The spline is computed using a quadratic program, minimizing the fitting
% error between the spline and the data set, as well as minimizing the
% integral of the jerk-squared along the spline.
% This function can be used to compute smooth first and second derivatives
% of a noisy data set, since it returns splines for the slope and curvature
% as well as the value of the data.
% problem.tData = [1, nData] = time-stamps for data
% problem.xData = [nState, nData] = time-stamps for data
% problem.xLow = [nState, 1] or  = initial position
% problem.xUpp = [nState, 1] or  = final position
% problem.vLow = [nState, 1] or  = initial velocity
% problem.vUpp = [nState, 1] or  = final velocity
% problem.aLow = [nState, 1] or  = initial acceleration
% problem.aUpp = [nState, 1] or  = final acceleration
% problem.smoothing = weight on jerk-squared objective function
% problem.tKnot = [nKnot, 1] = knot times for spline
% soln.pp.x = Matlab pp-spline for the position
% soln.pp.v = Matlab pp-spline for the velocity
% soln.pp.a = Matlab pp-spline for the acceleration
% soln.grid.t = problem.tData = time-grid from original data set
% soln.grid.x = [nState, nData] = position at times grid.t
% soln.grid.v = [nState, nData] = velocity at times grid.t
% soln.grid.a = [nState, nData] = acceleration at times grid.t
% x == position == value of the spline or data
% v == velocity == slope of the spline or data
% a == acceleration == curvature of the spline or data
Matthew Kelly (2019). fitSplineToData (https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/64119-fitsplinetodata), MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .