This is machine translation

Translated by Microsoft
Mouseover text to see original. Click the button below to return to the English version of the page.

Note: This page has been translated by MathWorks. Click here to see
To view all translated materials including this page, select Country from the country navigator on the bottom of this page.

Select Subsystem Execution

A logically executed subsystem block runs one or more times at the current time step when enabled by a control block. A control block implements control logic similar to that expressed by a programming language statement (e.g., if-then, switch, while, for).

Selector subsystems are one type of logically executed subsystem that execute once during a time step in response to an action signal from a control block located external to the subsystem. Simulink® supports two selector subsystem structures, if-else and switch-case.

Models with If-Else Structures

The If Action Subsystem block is a Subsystem block preconfigured as a starting point for creating a subsystem whose execution is enabled by an If block.

An external If block controls execution. The If block evaluates a logical expression and then, depending on the result of the evaluation, outputs an action signal to a If Action Subsystem block.

Consider the following model.

In this model, the inputs to the If block provide the operand values for the logical expressions represented as output ports. Each output port is attached to an If Action Subsystem block. The expressions in the If block are evaluated top down starting with the if expression. When an expression evaluates to true, its corresponding If Action Subsystem is executed and the remaining expressions are not evaluated.

The if-else structure in the model can be represented with the following pseudo code.

IF u1 > 0 THEN
    Subsystem 1
ELSEIF u2 > 0
    Subsystem 2
ELSE
    Subsystem 3
END IF

Create Model with If-Else Structure

To create the example model, use the following procedure.

  1. Place an If block in the Simulink Editor. Double-click the block to open the block parameters dialog box.

  2. In the Number of inputs box, enter 2.

    Two input ports are added to the block. The inputs ports are for signals containing operand values, not necessary the number of operands. An input signal can be a vector. For example, you could specify the fifth element of a vector u in an expression as u(5) > 0.

  3. In the If expression text box, enter u1 > 0.

    An output port is added to the block with the label if(u1 > 0). This port is the only required output for an If block.

  4. In the Elseif expressions text box, enter u2 > 0.

    You can enter multiple elseif expressions with a comma separating the expressions. Each expression adds an output port to the If block with a label of the form elseif(expression).

  5. Check the Show else condition check box.

    An output port is added to the block with the label else.

  6. Add three If Action Subsystem blocks.

    These blocks are Subsystem blocks with an Action Port block. When you place an Action Port block inside a subsystem, an input port named Action is added to the block.

  7. Connect each output port from the If block to the action port of an If Action Subsystem block.

    When you make the connection, the icon for the If Action Subsystem block is renamed to the type of expression that attached to it.

  8. In each If Action Subsystem block, enter the Simulink blocks to be executed for the condition it handles.

  9. Connect outputs from If Action Subsystem blocks to a Merge block.

  10. Run a simulation.

    The action signal lines between the If block and the If Action Subsystem blocks change from a solid to a dashed line.

Note

All blocks in an If Action Subsystem block driven by an If block must run at the same rate as the driving block.

Models with Switch Case Structure

The Switch Case Action Subsystem block is a Subsystem block preconfigured as a starting point for creating a subsystem whose execution is enabled by a Switch Case block.

An external Switch Case block controls execution. The Switch Case block evaluates a case index and then, depending on the selected case, outputs an action signal to a Switch Case Action Subsystem block.

Consider the following model with a switch structure.

In this model, the input to the Switch Case block provides the index value for selecting a case represented as output ports. Each output port is attached to an If Action Subsystem block. When a case is selected, its corresponding If Action Subsystem is executed.

The switch structure in the model can be represented with the following pseudo code.

CASE u1 
    u1 = 1:
        subsystem_1
        break
    u1 = 2 or 3:
        subsystem_2_3
        break  
    u1 = OTHER VALUES:
        subsystem_default
        break
END CASE

Create Model with Switch Case Structure

To create the example model, use the following procedure.

  1. Place a Switch Case block in the Simulink Editor. Double-click the block to open the block parameters dialog box.

  2. In the Case conditions box, enter {1, [2,3]}.

    Two cases are defined. The first case when the input value is 1, and the second case when the input value is 2 or 3. Cases can be single or multivalued and appear as output ports on the Switch Case block. Non-integer input values are truncated to integers.

  3. Select the Show default case check box.

    An output port labeled default:is added to the block. This port sends an action signal if no other cases are selected.

  4. Add three Switch Case Action Subsystem blocks.

    These blocks are Subsystem blocks with an Action Port block. When you place an Action Port block inside a subsystem, an input port named Action is added to the block.

  5. Connect each output port from the Switch Case block to the action port of an Switch Case Action Subsystem block.

    When you make the connection, the icon for the Switch Case Action Subsystem block is renamed to the type of expression attached to it.

  6. In each Switch Case Action Subsystem block, enter the Simulink blocks to be executed for the case it handles.

  7. Run a simulation.

    The action signal lines between the Switch Case block and the Switch Case Action Subsystem blocks change from a solid to a dashed line.

Note

After the subsystem for a particular case executes, an implied break terminates the execution of the Switch Case block. Simulink Switch Case blocks do not exhibit the fall -through behavior of C switch statements.

Model Examples

See Also

Blocks