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Calling timer function from within another function

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Giles
Giles on 29 Jun 2011
I want to use the timer function within another function. Moreover, it must have access to the values of variables within that function in order for its callback commands to execute. However, the timer function always works in the base workspace, even if called from a function (which seems extremely counterintuitive, but there it is). So, how do I allow it to know about the variables within the function it's being called from? For e.g., the following function doit should display 2 every second for 5 seconds, but it won't because the timer executes in the base workspace and x is not present in that workspace. (Also, I want to avoid having to explicitly assign a copy of x in the base workspace from within the function doit, such as by using the assignin command - there should be a better way to do it than that.)
function doit
x=2;
t=timer('TimerFcn', 'x', 'ExecutionMode', 'fixedRate', 'Period', 1);
start(t)
pause(5)
stop(t)
delete(t)

Answers (3)


Paulo Silva
Paulo Silva on 29 Jun 2011
function doit
x=2;
t=timer('TimerFcn', @fun, 'ExecutionMode', 'fixedRate', 'Period', 1);
function fun(obj,event)
x
end
start(t)
pause(5)
stop(t)
delete(t)
end
  2 Comments
Paulo Silva
Paulo Silva on 29 Jun 2011
Nice one Walter, I must remember that one, thanks

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Giles
Giles on 1 Jul 2011
Thanks. So wait, just because you happen to specify the callback as a function handle (or perhaps using the cell array syntax for specifying functions and input arguments) suddenly timer runs inside the function doit (from where it is called), whereas otherwise it runs in the base workspace? Why????????? How would anybody know to do this? This is so arbitrary. Why does it not simply run where it is called? Arg.
  1 Comment
Paulo Silva
Paulo Silva on 1 Jul 2011
Not that arbitrary, please read the documentation so you can better understand
doc function_handle

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