MATLAB Answers

Nick
0

Why pcbstack layers not aligned?

Asked by Nick
on 8 Nov 2019
Latest activity Commented on by Nick
on 20 Nov 2019 at 15:27
Hi,
When I use pcbstack my top and bottom layers seem to be offset from the dielectric of the board. I tried to make sure they were centered properly and used the MATLAB docs, but I must be missing something. Any help is much appreciated!
Nick
clear all
close all
clc
c = physconst('lightspeed');
f = 2400e6;
lambda = c/f;
% specs
rH = 0.001016; % radiator width
rW = 0.0198628; % radiator length
fW = 0.001016; % feed arm width
sW = fW; % short arm width
sH = 0.0083058; % distance from end of feed to radiator arm
sep = 0.0027686; % separation between feed arm and short arm
fd = 0.0038608; % distance feed arm goes into into ground plane
fo = 0.02379483; % feed offset from left side of ground plane
trSp = 0.00013746; % clearance around feed (trace clearance)
bW = 0.03403599; % board width
bH = 0.010; % board height
bPcbSp = 0.00025897; % ground plane clearance from pcb edge
bAntSp = 0.000508; % antenna clearance from pcb edge
%
% rH = 1; % radiator width
% rW = 10; % radiator length
% fW = 2; % feed arm width
% sW = fW; % short arm width
% sH = 5; % distance from end of feed to radiator arm
% sep = 4; % separation between feed arm and short arm
% fd = 2; % distance feed arm goes into into ground plane
% fo = 12; % feed offset from left side of ground plane
% trSp = 0.5; % clearance around feed (trace clearance)
% bW = 40; % board width
% bH = 50; % board height
% bPcbSp = 1; % ground plane clearance from pcb edge
% bAntSp = 1; % antenna clearance from pcb edge
% rectangle width / length calculations
b1H = bH;
b1W = bW;
b2W = rW + 2*bAntSp;
b2H = sH + rH + bAntSp - bPcbSp;
g1W = bW - 2*bPcbSp;
g1H = bH - 2*bPcbSp;
g2W = fW + 2*trSp;
g2H = fd + trSp;
fH = sH + fd;
% generate metal shape centers: (0,0) is gnd bottom left
g1X = g1W/2;
g1Y = g1H/2;
g2X = fo;
g2Y = g1H - g2H/2;
fX = fo;
fY = g1H - fd + fH/2;
sX = fX + fW/2 + sep + sW/2;
sY = g1H + sH/2;
rX = sX + sW/2 - rW/2;
rY = g1H + sH + rH/2;
% create metal shape
radArm = antenna.Rectangle('Center',[rX,rY],'Width',rH,'Length',rW);
shortArm = antenna.Rectangle('Center',[sX,sY],'Width',sH,'Length',sW);
feedArm = antenna.Rectangle('Center',[fX,fY],'Width',fH,'Length',fW);
gndBtm = antenna.Rectangle('Center',[g1X,g1Y],'Width',g1H,'Length',g1W);
gndNeg = antenna.Rectangle('Center',[g2X,g2Y],'Width',g2H,'Length',g2W);
shapeTop = radArm + shortArm + feedArm + (gndBtm - gndNeg);
gndBtm = translate(gndBtm,[-g1W/2,-(rY+rH/2)/2,0]);
shapeTop = translate(shapeTop,[-g1W/2,-(rY+rH/2)/2,0]);
% create board shape
b1X = b1W/2 - bPcbSp;
b1Y = b1H/2 - bPcbSp;
b2X = rX;
b2Y = b1Y + b1H/2 + b2H/2;
b1 = antenna.Rectangle('Center',[b1X,b1Y],'Width',b1H,'Length',b1W);
b2 = antenna.Rectangle('Center',[b2X,b2Y],'Width',b2H,'Length',b2W);
boardShape = b1 + b2;
boardShape = translate(boardShape,[bPcbSp,bPcbSp,0]);
boardShape = translate(boardShape,[-bW/2,-(b1H+b2H)/2,0]);
figure
show(shapeTop)
figure
show(gndBtm)
figure
show(boardShape)
% boardShape = antenna.Rectangle('Length',0.6,'Width',0.3);
p = pcbStack;
p.BoardShape = boardShape;
p.BoardThickness = 1.61e-3;
d1 = dielectric('FR4');
p.Layers = {shapeTop,d1,gndBtm};
p.FeedDiameter = .02*lambda/2;
p.FeedLocations = [fX fY-fH/2.1 1];
figure
show(p)

  1 Comment

Hi. I'm actually having a similar problem. My ground plane is not aligned with the antenna plane. Very unfortunate. Seems like a bug in Matlab! Happens whenever I take a cut out of the ground plane.
Also, it seems as though the problem disappears with shapes like circles. I think it is related to this bug https://au.mathworks.com/support/bugreports/details/2066356.
Seems like the latest matlab update fixes it. Yet to test...
[SL: fixed typo in link. The trailing period should not have been part of the link.]

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1 Answer

Answer by Steven Lord
on 20 Nov 2019 at 14:45
 Accepted Answer

This might be related to Bug Report 2066356 as Hyma Harish Vallabhapurapu posted, but it could also be related to Bug Report 2075957. Both those bugs are reported fixed in release R2019b Update 1.

  1 Comment

Nick
on 20 Nov 2019 at 15:27
This has been verified that update 1 fixes the issue I was experiencing.

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