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vector comparison - find and replace

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Hi there,
I have a quick question: Suppose there are two vectors A(m,1) and C=zeros(m,1). Now I want to replace the element of C with one if it is at the position of the maximum value of the first N elements of A. And so on. To clarify here is an example:
A = [2 4 5 1 8 9]; N = 2; than C should be: C = [0 1 (as 4>2) 1 0 (as 5>1) 0 1 (as 9>8)]; My issue is, I need to do this using as few computational power as possible as it will be part of a Monte Carlo study.
Cheers and thank you in advance!
Sebastian

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Matthew Doveton
Matthew Doveton on 13 May 2013
Not sure that this is the most efficient way of doing this as I am very new to MATLAB myself:
A = input( 'Enter amount of random data ');
N = input( 'Enter comparisons ');
tic
A = floor(9*rand(1,A)); %Random data to test
Remainder = rem(length(A),N); %find remainder
%if not directly divisible
if Remainder
%pad with 0's if not divisible by N
A = [A zeros(1, N - Remainder)];
end
A = reshape(A,N,length(A)/N); %resize array so that each column has data to compare
C = A == repmat(max(A), size(A,1), 1); %find the maximum value in each column, compare
C = C(:)'; %set back to single dimension
toc
disp(C)
I think I have a grasp on what you are trying to achieve.

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Accepted Answer

Andrei Bobrov
Andrei Bobrov on 13 May 2013
Edited: Andrei Bobrov on 13 May 2013
A = [2 4 5 1 8 9]; N = 2;
t = diff(reshape(A,N,[])) > 0;
C = reshape([~t;t],1,[]);
or
A1 = reshape(A,N,[]);
M = numel(A)/N;
[ii,ii] = max(A1);
C = zeros(size(A));
C(sub2ind([N,M],ii,1:M)) = 1;

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