# Construct a 'Bubble Plot' from a matrix

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Himanshu Saxena on 8 Jun 2021
Commented: Himanshu Saxena on 16 Jul 2021
Hi,
I want to generate a bubble plot of a matrix. Such plots are possibe to make in 'R Studio'. I have attached an example image of the desired plot.
Is there a way to do so in MATLAB?

Adam Danz on 12 Jun 2021
Edited: Adam Danz on 14 Jun 2021
> I want to have a sequence of colors corresponding to the the size of circles.
Assuming an n-by-m matrix r should be plotted such that point r(i,j) should appear at x=i, y=j, use meshgrid to create x and y coordinates and then set x, y, and r to bubbleplot as vectors.
The size of the bubbles is defined by |r|and the colors are based r. That way the size of the bubble shows the strength of the correlation and the color shows the direction. That could be switched around, of course.
% Create correlation matrix r
rng default % for reproducibility
r = rand(5)*2-1;
r(logical(eye(5))) = 1
r = 5×5
1.0000 -0.8049 -0.6848 -0.7162 0.3115 0.8116 1.0000 0.9412 -0.1565 -0.9286 -0.7460 0.0938 1.0000 0.8315 0.6983 0.8268 0.9150 -0.0292 1.0000 0.8680 0.2647 0.9298 0.6006 0.9190 1.0000
% Create x and y coordinates and bubblechart
[x,y] = meshgrid(1:size(r,1), 1:size(r,2));
bubblechart(x(:),y(:),abs(r(:)),r(:))
% Cosmetics
colormap('jet')
grid on
set(gca,'xtick', 1:size(r,2), ...
'ytick', 1:size(r,1), ...
'YDir', 'Reverse'); % typically corr matrices use flipped y axes
xlabel('x index')
ylabel('y index')
cb = colorbar;
ylabel(cb, 'Correlation')
caxis([-1,1])
See comment below to add text labels to each bubble showing the correlation values.
Himanshu Saxena on 16 Jul 2021
I want to thank you again for this beautiful bubble plot. It worked for me that time perfectly when I had a data in square matrix.
But today it seems that there seems a litlle flaw of which I'm not sure:
set(gca,'xtick', 1:size(r,2), ...
'ytick', 1:size(r,1), ...
'YDir', 'Reverse', ... % typically corr matrices use flipped y axes
'XTickLabel', {'A' 'B' 'C' 'D' 'E'}) % <--- add labels
It seems you have mistakenly wrote '2' next to 'r' in command 'xtick', 1:size(r,2), .... which should be 'xtick', 1:size(r,1), owing to which the there occurs a swap between x and ytick for a non-square matrix.
Presently, I am working with a non-square matrix (6x14). I have attached the datafile and code I used and the plot I got. It can be noticed that row-a and column-14 value in the datafile does not match with the color code produced in the plot. The problem is that bubblechart produces wrong color code for the actual data. I don't know why this is happening.
Also, I have attached a datafile named "Datafile (no data in one of the rows or columns)" in which one row/one column is empty which usually occure for my correlation matrix when no correlation occurs of variable with any of the parameter. In this case, after reading the datafile matrix in MATLAB, the empty row/column is cmpletely ignored/removed form the bubblechart which I don't want to happen with the bubblechart I want.
Kindly suggest how to create the same bubblechart (which you provided me earlier) for a non-square matrix.
Thanks and regards,
Himanshu
Himanshu Saxena on 16 Jul 2021
Hi, I found my error. The error was due to my own understanding of using meshgrid and size(r,1) command.
In meshgrid(x,y), length(rows) is y and length(columns) is x.
In size(r,1), 1 is for rows and in size(r,2), 2 is for columns.
thanks

### More Answers (1)

Andres on 8 Jun 2021
Hi,
bubblechart
Himanshu Saxena on 11 Jun 2021
Thanks Andres for your effort. Though it seems similar to the attached plot, it does not fulfill my need. I want to plot a correlation matrix data in the form of attached plot. Since such matrix would range from -1 to +1, I want to have a sequence of colors corresponding to the the size of circles. Since I know very basics of MATLAB, I cannot myself further lead your submitted commands to my requirements.
Andres on 12 Jun 2021
Thanks for your reply. Maybe you can give a small example of such a matrix and describe how the bubble plot should look like.