Support for the 64-bit Linux platform was introduced in MATLAB 7.0.1 (R14SP1).
The 64-bit addressing allows for much larger memory. Memory on a 32-bit machine is limited to 2^32 bytes (i.e. 4GB).
On a 64-bit machine this number is increased to 2^64 (i.e. an increase by a factor of 4 billion). Of course, most machines in use today will run out of physical resources (RAM and virtual memory) long before they begin to approach the theoretical 2^64-byte limit.
There is an internal limit of 2^31 elements per array in MATLAB. Up to MATLAB 7.2 (R2006a), this limit applies regardless of the platform. A 2^31 element double array would require 16 GB of space, thus making it impossible to create such an array on a 32-bit machine. A 64-bit machine can theoretically handle many arrays of this size, provided that there is enough RAM and hard disk space to store all the data.
Beginning with MATLAB 7.3 (R2006b), the largest array that can be created can contain 2^48-1 = 2.8147e14 elements.
Also, we do not provide recommendations about any specific brands of computer hardware, but the system needs to meet certain specifications for it to be able to execute MATLAB. Please refer to the following link for more information regarding system requirements for MATLAB:
Note that changing from 32-bit to 64-bit MATLAB only allows for the creation and manipulation of larger variables, but this does not imply a boost in execution speed, and it can sometimes be slower than 32-bit. For additional information that may be helpful for choosing hardware suitable for use with MATLAB, please refer to the following website:
Information about general memory management within MATLAB can be found at the following documentation page: