Problem 1201. Simple Decoder Ring
The stereotypical decoder ring is remembered as a cereal box prize from the 1950s. Kids learned about cryptography by starting with the simple transposition cipher. There were many different rings made. One of the more common had two rings on a common center, each with the letters of the alphabet in order. You would rotate the inner ring relative to the outer to produce a shift of letters, so the cipher was to produce a positive or negative shift of the alphabet, giving a letter by letter code key.
Whether or not it really was in cereal boxes, your job is to produce a MATLAB function that codes a string using the letter shift required. You must keep the case of the output the same as the input.
simpleDecoderRing('I am ready to try it - with punctuation and CAPS!',-3)
'F xj obxav ql qov fq - tfqe mrkzqrxqflk xka ZXMP!'
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