# Dynamics of predator-prey model

Athanasios Paraskevopoulos on 5 Aug 2024 (Edited on 5 Aug 2024)
Latest activity Edit by Athanasios Paraskevopoulos on 5 Aug 2024

This project discusses predator-prey system, particularly the Lotka-Volterra equations,which model the interaction between two sprecies: prey and predators. Let's solve the Lotka-Volterra equations numerically and visualize the results.% Define parameters
% Define parameters
alpha = 1.0; % Prey birth rate
beta = 0.1; % Predator success rate
gamma = 1.5; % Predator death rate
delta = 0.075; % Predator reproduction rate
% Define the symbolic variables
syms R W
% Define the equations
eq1 = alpha * R - beta * R * W == 0;
eq2 = delta * R * W - gamma * W == 0;
% Solve the equations
equilibriumPoints = solve([eq1, eq2], [R, W]);
% Extract the equilibrium point values
Req = double(equilibriumPoints.R);
Weq = double(equilibriumPoints.W);
% Display the equilibrium points
equilibriumPointsValues = [Req, Weq]
equilibriumPointsValues = 2x2
0 0 20 10
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% Solve the differential equations using ode45
lotkaVolterra = @(t,Y)[alpha*Y(1)-beta*Y(1)*Y(2);
delta*Y(1)*Y(2)-gamma*Y(2)];
% Initial conditions
R0 = 40;
W0 = 9;
Y0 = [R0, W0];
tspan = [0, 100];
% Solve the differential equations
[t, Y] = ode45(lotkaVolterra, tspan, Y0);
% Extract the populations
R = Y(:, 1);
W = Y(:, 2);
% Plot the results
figure;
subplot(2,1,1);
plot(t, R, 'r', 'LineWidth', 1.5);
hold on;
plot(t, W, 'b', 'LineWidth', 1.5);
xlabel('Time (months)');
ylabel('Population');
legend('R', 'W');
grid on;
subplot(2,1,2);
plot(R, W, 'k', 'LineWidth', 1.5);
xlabel('R');
ylabel('W');
grid on;
hold on;
plot(Req, Weq, 'ro', 'MarkerSize', 8, 'MarkerFaceColor', 'r');
legend('Phase Trajectory', 'Equilibrium Point');
Now, we need to handle a modified version of the Lotka-Volterra equations. These modified equations incorporate logistic growth fot the prey population.
These equations are:
% Define parameters
alpha = 1.0;
K = 100; % Carrying Capacity of the prey population
beta = 0.1;
gamma = 1.5;
delta = 0.075;
% Define the symbolic variables
syms R W
% Define the equations
eq1 = alpha*R*(1 - R/K) - beta*R*W == 0;
eq2 = delta*R*W - gamma*W == 0;
% Solve the equations
equilibriumPoints = solve([eq1, eq2], [R, W]);
% Extract the equilibrium point values
Req = double(equilibriumPoints.R);
Weq = double(equilibriumPoints.W);
% Display the equilibrium points
equilibriumPointsValues = [Req, Weq]
equilibriumPointsValues = 3x2
0 0 20 8 100 0
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% Solve the differential equations using ode45
modified_lv = @(t,Y)[alpha*Y(1)*(1-Y(1)/K)-beta*Y(1)*Y(2);
delta*Y(1)*Y(2)-gamma*Y(2)];
% Initial conditions
R0 = 40;
W0 = 9;
Y0 = [R0, W0];
tspan = [0, 100];
% Solve the differential equations
[t, Y] = ode45(modified_lv, tspan, Y0);
% Extract the populations
R = Y(:, 1);
W = Y(:, 2);
% Plot the results
figure;
subplot(2,1,1);
plot(t, R, 'r', 'LineWidth', 1.5);
hold on;
plot(t, W, 'b', 'LineWidth', 1.5);
xlabel('Time (months)');
ylabel('Population');
legend('R', 'W');
grid on;
subplot(2,1,2);
plot(R, W, 'k', 'LineWidth', 1.5);
xlabel('R');
ylabel('W');
grid on;
hold on;
plot(Req, Weq, 'ro', 'MarkerSize', 8, 'MarkerFaceColor', 'r');
legend('Phase Trajectory', 'Equilibrium Point');