Discrete Derivative

Compute discrete-time derivative

  • Library:
  • Simulink / Discrete

Description

The Discrete Derivative block computes an optionally scaled discrete time derivative as follows

y(tn)=Ku(tn)TsKu(tn1)Ts

where

  • u(tn) and y(tn) are the block's input and output at the current time step, respectively.

  • u(tn1) is the block's input at the previous time step.

  • K is a scaling factor.

  • Ts is the simulation's discrete step size, which must be fixed.

Note

Do not use this block in subsystems with a nonperiodic trigger (for example, nonperiodic function-call subsystems). This configuration produces inaccurate results.

Ports

Input

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Input signal, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | fixed point

Output

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Optionally scaled discrete-time derivative, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix. For more information on how the block computes the discrete-time derivative, see Description. You specify the data type of the output signal with the Output data type parameter.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | fixed point

Parameters

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Main

Scaling factor used to weight the block's input at the current time step, specified as a real-valued scalar.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: gainval
Type: character vector
Values: scalar
Default: '1.0'

Initial condition for the previous scaled input, specified as a scalar.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: ICPrevScaledInput
Type: character vector
Values: scalar
Default: '0.0'

Specify whether the block performs sample- or frame-based processing:

  • Columns as channels (frame based) — Treat each column of the input as a separate channel (frame-based processing).

    Note

    Frame-based processing requires a DSP System Toolbox™ license.

    For more information, see Sample- and Frame-Based Concepts (DSP System Toolbox).

  • Elements as channels (sample based) — Treat each element of the input as a separate channel (sample-based processing).

Use Input processing to specify whether the block performs sample- or frame-based processing. The block accepts frame-based signals for the input u. All other input signals must be sample-based.

Input Signal uInput Processing ModeBlock Works?
Sample basedSample basedYes
Frame basedNo, produces an error
Sample basedFrame basedYes
Frame basedYes

For more information about these two processing modes, see Sample- and Frame-Based Concepts (DSP System Toolbox).

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: InputProcessing
Type: character vector
Values: 'Columns as channels (frame based)' | 'Elements as channels (sample based)'
Default: 'Elements as channels (sample based)'

Signal Attributes

Lower value of the output range that Simulink® checks.

Simulink uses the minimum to perform:

Note

Output minimum does not saturate or clip the actual output signal. Use the Saturation block instead.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: OutMin
Type: character vector
Values: '[ ]'| scalar
Default: '[ ]'

Upper value of the output range that Simulink checks.

Simulink uses the maximum value to perform:

Note

Output maximum does not saturate or clip the actual output signal. Use the Saturation block instead.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: OutMax
Type: character vector
Values: '[ ]'| scalar
Default: '[ ]'

Specify the output data type. You can set it to:

  • A rule that inherits a data type, for example, Inherit: Inherit via back propagation

  • The name of a built-in data type, for example, single

  • The name of a data type object, for example, a Simulink.NumericType object

  • An expression that evaluates to a data type, for example, fixdt(1,16,0)

Click the Show data type assistant button to display the Data Type Assistant, which helps you set the data type attributes. For more information, see Specify Data Types Using Data Type Assistant.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: OutDataTypeStr
Type: character vector
Values: 'Inherit: Inherit via internal rule' | 'Inherit: Inherit via back propagation' | 'double' | 'single' | 'int8' | 'uint8' | 'int16' | 'uint16' | 'int32' | 'uint32' | 'int64' | 'uint64' | 'fixdt(1,16,0)' | 'fixdt(1,16,2^0,0)'
Default: 'Inherit: Inherit via internal rule'

Select this parameter to prevent the fixed-point tools from overriding the Output data type you specify on the block. For more information, see Use Lock Output Data Type Setting (Fixed-Point Designer).

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: LockScale
Type: character vector
Values: 'off' | 'on'
Default: 'off'

Specify the rounding mode for fixed-point operations. For more information, see Rounding (Fixed-Point Designer).

Block parameters always round to the nearest representable value. To control the rounding of a block parameter, enter an expression using a MATLAB® rounding function into the mask field.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: RndMeth
Type: character vector
Values: 'Ceiling' | 'Convergent' | 'Floor' | 'Nearest' | 'Round' | 'Simplest' | 'Zero'
Default: 'Floor'

When you select this check box, overflows saturate to the maximum or minimum value that the data type can represent. Otherwise, overflows wrap.

When you select this check box, saturation applies to every internal operation on the block, not just the output or result. In general, the code generation process can detect when overflow is not possible. In this case, the code generator does not produce saturation code.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: DoSatur
Type: character vector
Values: 'off' | 'on'
Default: 'off'

Block Characteristics

Data Types

double | fixed point | integer | single

Direct Feedthrough

no

Multidimensional Signals

no

Variable-Size Signals

yes

Zero-Crossing Detection

no

Extended Capabilities

PLC Code Generation
Generate Structured Text code using Simulink® PLC Coder™.

Fixed-Point Conversion
Convert floating-point algorithms to fixed point using Fixed-Point Designer™.

Introduced before R2006a